1048 in history

Born in 1048

May 18 Omar Khayyám a sufi mystic, Persian polymath, philosopher, mathematician, astronomer and poet. He also wrote treatises on mechanics, geography, mineralogy, music, and Islamic theology
May 25 Emperor Shenzong of Song the sixth emperor of the Chinese Song dynasty. His personal name was Zhao He reigned from 1067 to 1085

Died in 1048

Jan 19 Emperor Jingzong of Western Xia the first emperor of the Western Xia Empire located in northwestern China, reigning from 1038 to 1048. He was the eldest son of the Tangut ruler Li Deming
Aug 9 Pope Damasus II Pope from 17 July 1048 to his death in 1048. He was the second of the German pontiffs nominated by Emperor Henry III. A native of Bavaria, he was the third German to become Pope and had one of the shortest papal reigns. He was bishop of Brixen when the Emperor raised him to the papacy
Nov 11 Adalbert Duke of Lorraine the Duke of Upper Lorraine from 1047 until his death. He was the first son of Gerard de Bouzonville , Count of Metz, and Gisela
Dec 13 Abū Rayḥān al-Bīrūnī a Persian Muslim scholar and polymath from the Khwarezm region.