1109 in history

Born in 1109

Jun 25 Afonso I of Portugal the first King of Portugal. He achieved the independence of the southern part of the Kingdom of Galicia, the County of Portugal, from Galicia's overlord, the King of León, in 1139, establishing a new kingdom and doubling its area with the Reconquista, an objective that he pursued until his death, in 1185, after forty-six years of wars against the Moors
Nov 16 Ingulf a Benedictine abbot of Crowland, head of Crowland Abbey in Lincolnshire. He was an Englishman who, having travelled to England on diplomatic business as secretary of William, Duke of Normandy, in 1051, was made Abbot of Crowland in 1087 at Duke William's instigation after he had become king of England and the abbacy had fallen vacant. 1087 was in the last year of William's reign

Died in 1109

Jan 26 Alberic of Cîteaux O.Cist. sometimes known as Aubrey of Cîteaux, was a French monk and abbot, one of the founders of the Cistercian Order. He is now honored as a saint
Apr 21 Anselm of Canterbury a Benedictine monk, philosopher, and prelate of the Church, who held the office of Archbishop of Canterbury from 1093 to 1109. Called the founder of scholasticism, he has been a major influence in Western theology and is famous as the originator of the ontological argument for the existence of God and the satisfaction theory of atonement
Apr 28 Hugh of Cluny sometimes referred to as "Hugh the Great" or "Hugh of Semur". He was one of the most influential leaders of one of the most influential monastic orders of the Middle Ages
Jul 20 Eupraxia of Kiev the daughter of Vsevolod I, Prince of Kiev. She married Henry IV of Germany and took the name Adelaide
Sep 21 Svatopluk Duke of Bohemia Duke of Bohemia from 1107 to his assassination. His rule was overshadowed by the fierce conflict around the Bohemian throne in the 12th century
Dec 5 Gerald of Braga a Benedictine monk at Moissac, France. He later worked with the archbishop in Toledo, Spain, and served as cathedral choir director. He later became the reforming Bishop of Braga, Portugal in 1100 and stopped ecclesiastical investiture by laymen in his diocese