1133 in history

Born in 1133

Mar 5 Henry II of England also known as Henry Curtmantle , Henry FitzEmpress or Henry Plantagenet, ruled as Count of Anjou, Count of Maine, Duke of Normandy, Duke of Aquitaine, Count of Nantes, King of England and Lord of Ireland; at various times, he also controlled Wales, Scotland and Brittany. Henry was the son of Geoffrey of Anjou and Matilda, daughter of Henry I of England. He became actively involved by the age of 14 in his mother's efforts to claim the throne of England, then occupied by Stephen of Blois, and was made Duke of Normandy at 17. He inherited Anjou in 1151 and shortly afterwards married Eleanor of Aquitaine, whose marriage to Louis VII of France had recently been annulled. Stephen agreed to a peace treaty after Henry's military expedition to England in 1153: Henry inherited the kingdom on Stephen's death a year later
May 13 Hōnen the religious reformer and founder of the first independent branch of Japanese Pure Land Buddhism called Jōdo-shū. In the related Jōdo Shinshū sect, he is considered the Seventh Patriarch. Hōnen became a monk of the Tendai sect at an early age, but grew disaffected, and sought an approach to Buddhism that anyone could follow, even during the perceived Age of Dharma Decline. After discovering the writings of Chinese Buddhist, Shan-tao, he undertook the teaching of rebirth in the Pure Land of Amitabha through reciting the Buddha's name, or nembutsu

Died in 1133

Dec 4 Bernard degli Uberti an abbot of Vallombrosa, a bishop of Parma, papal legate, and a cardinal. A member of the noble Uberti family of Florence, he became a Vallumbrosan monk. He became abbot of San Salvi and was eventually elected the general-superior of the congregation. Pope Urban II made him a cardinal in 1097, and Bernard also served as bishop of Parma
Dec 18 Hildebert a French writer and ecclesiastic. His name is also spelled Hydalbert, Gildebert, or Aldebert