1157 in history

1157 events chronologically

Oct 23 The Battle of Grathe Heath ends the civil war in Denmark. King Sweyn III is killed and Valdemar I restores the country

Born in 1157

Sep 8 Richard I of England King of England from 6 July 1189 until his death. He also ruled as Duke of Normandy , Duke of Aquitaine, Duke of Gascony, Lord of Cyprus, Count of Poitiers, Count of Anjou, Count of Maine, Count of Nantes, and Overlord of Brittany at various times during the same period. He was the third of five sons of King Henry II of England and Eleanor of Aquitaine. He was known as Richard Cœur de Lion or Richard the Lionheart because of his reputation as a great military leader and warrior. The Muslims called him Melek-Ric or Malek al-Inkitar. He was also known in Occitan as Oc e No , because of his reputation for terseness
Sep 8 Alexander Neckam an English scholar, teacher, theologian and abbot of Cirencester from 1213 to his death in 1217.

Top 7 most famous people died in 1157

May 8 Ahmad Sanjar the Sultan of the Seljuq Empire from 1118 to 1153. He was initially the sultan of Khorasan until he gained the rest of the territory upon the death of Muhammad Bosworth notes Sanjar is a Turkic name, denoting "he who pierces", "thrusts"
May 15 Yuri Dolgorukiy a Rurikid prince and founder of Moscow. He reigned as Velikiy Kniaz of Kiev from September 1149 to April 1151 and then again from March 1155 to May 1157. Yuri played a key role in the transition of political power from Kiev to Suzdal following the death of his elder brother Mstislav the Great
Aug 9 Canute V of Denmark a King of Denmark from 1146 to 1157, as co-regent in shifting alliances with his Sweyn III and Valdemar Canute was killed at the so-called Bloodfeast of Roskilde in 1157. Nothing certain is known about his person and character
Aug 16 Ramiro II of Aragon King of Aragon from 1134 until withdrawing from public life in 1137. He was the youngest son of Sancho Ramírez, King of Aragon and Navarre and Felicia of Roucy
Aug 21 Alfonso VII of León and Castile born Alfonso Raimúndez, called the Emperor , became the King of Galicia in 1111 and King of León and Castile in 1126. Alfonso first used the title Emperor of All Spain, alongside his mother Urraca, once his mother vested him with the direct rule of Toledo in 1116. Alfonso later held another investiture in 1135 in a grand ceremony reasserting his claims to the Imperial title. He was the son of Urraca of León and Raymond of Burgundy, the first of the House of Burgundy to rule in the Iberian peninsula
Oct 23 Sweyn III of Denmark the King of Denmark between 1146 and 1157, in shifting alliances with Canute V and his own cousin Valdemar In 1157, the three agreed a tripartition of Denmark. Sweyn attempted to kill his rivals at the peace banquet, and was subsequently defeated by Valdemar I at the Battle of Grathe Heath and killed
Nov 4 Matilda of Savoy Queen of Portugal the first Queen of Portugal. Her husband was King Afonso I, the first sovereign of Portugal, whom she married in 1146