1196 in history

Born in 1196

Mar 27 Sviatoslav III of Vladimir the Prince of Novgorod and Grand Prince of Vladimir-Suzdal.
Sep 11 Maurice de Sully Bishop of Paris from 1160 until his death.
Oct 11 Saint Meinhard a German canon regular and the first Bishop of Livonia. His life was described in the Chronicle of Henry of Livonia. His body rests in the now-Lutheran Riga Cathedral

Died in 1196

Apr 23 Béla III of Hungary King of Hungary and Croatia between 1172 and 1196. He was the second son of Géza II of Hungary who granted him a separate duchy, which included at least Croatia and central Dalmatia, around 1161. In accordance with a peace treaty between his elder brother, Stephen III, and the Byzantine Emperor Manuel I Komnenos Béla moved to Constantinople in 1163. He was renamed Alexios and received the new court title of despotes. He was betrothed to the Emperor's daughter, Maria. Both the Byzantine Empire and the Kingdom of Hungary demanded Béla's patrimony, causing a number of armed conflicts in the following four years. Béla-Alexios, who was designated as Emperor Manuel's heir in 1165, took part in the Byzantine campaigns against Hungary at least three times. After the birth of Emperor Manuel's son, Alexios, Béla-Alexios's betrothal to the Emperor's daughter was dissolved in 1169. He was deprived of his title, and received the inferior rank of kaisar
Apr 25 Alfonso II of Aragon the King of Aragon and, as Alfons I, the Count of Barcelona from 1164 until his death. He was the son of the count Ramon Berenguer IV of Barcelona and the Queen Petronilla of Aragon and the first King of Aragon who was also Count of Barcelona. He was also Count of Provence from 1166 or shortly before, which he acquired from Countess Douce II, until 1173, when he ceded it to his brother Berenguer. His reign has been characterised by nationalistic and nostalgic Catalan historians, as l'engrandiment occitànic or "the Pyrenean unity": a great scheme to unite various lands on both sides of the Pyrenees under the rule of the House of Barcelona
Aug 14 Henry IV Count of Luxembourg count of Luxembourg from 1136 until his death and count of Namur from 1139 until his abdication in 1189. He was the son of Godfrey I, Count of Namur and Ermesinde, a daughter of Conrad I of Luxembourg
Aug 15 Conrad II Duke of Swabia duke of Swabia from 1191 to his death and Duke of Rothenburg. He was the fourth son of Frederick III Barbarossa and Beatrice I, Countess of Burgundy, and brother of Henry VI, Holy Roman Emperor