1234 in history

Born in 1234

Jan 29 Ottaviano dei Conti di Segni an Italian cardinal and cardinal-nephew of Pope Innocent III, his cousin who elevated him probably in May 1206. He was canon of the Vatican Basilica, Camerlengo of the Holy Roman Church and protodeacon of the Sacred College of Cardinals

Died in 1234

Apr 7 Sancho VII of Navarre the King of Navarre from 1194 to his death. His retirement at the end of his life has given rise to the alternate nickname el Encerrado or "the Retired."
Apr 16 Richard Marshal 3rd Earl of Pembroke the son of William Marshal, 1st Earl of Pembroke and brother of William Marshal, 2nd Earl of Pembroke, whom he succeeded to the Earldom of Pembroke and Lord Marshal of England upon his brother's death on 6 April 1231.
Jun 18 Emperor Chūkyō the 85th emperor of Japan, according to the traditional order of succession. His reign spanned only months in 1221, and he was not officially listed amongst the emperors until 1870 because of doubts caused by the length of his reign. The Imperial Household Agency recognizes Kujō no misasagi near Tōfuku-ji in Fushimi-ku, Kyoto as his tomb
Jul 19 Floris IV Count of Holland Count of Holland from 1222 to 1234. He was born at The Hague, a son of William I of Holland and his first wife, Adelaide of Guelders
Aug 31 Emperor Go-Horikawa the 86th emperor of Japan, according to the traditional order of succession. This reign spanned the years from 1221 through 1232
Nov 8 Baha ad-Din ibn Shaddad a 12th-century Muslim jurist and scholar, a Kurdish historian of great note, notable for writing a biography of Saladin whom he knew well.