1242 in history

1242 events chronologically

Apr 5 During a battle on the ice of Lake Peipus, Russian forces, led by Alexander Nevsky, rebuff an invasion attempt by the Teutonic Knights
Jul 21 Battle of Taillebourg : Louis IX of France puts an end to the revolt of his vassals Henry III of England and Hugh X of Lusignan

Born in 1242

Jan 27 Saint Margaret of Hungary a Dominican nun and the daughter of King Béla IV of Hungary and Maria Laskarina. She was the younger sister of Kinga of Poland and the Blessed Yolanda of Poland and, through her father, the niece of the famed Saint Elizabeth of Hungary
Jun 25 Beatrice of England a Princess of England as the daughter of King Henry III of England and Eleanor of Provence. Her siblings were Edward I of England, Margaret, Queen of Scotland, Edmund Crouchback, 1st Earl of Lancaster, Richard of England, John of England, Katherine of England, William of England, and Henry of England. She and her family were members of the Royal house of Plantagenet, which first ruled in the 12th century and was founded by Henry II of England
Dec 15 Prince Munetaka the sixth shogun of the Kamakura shogunate of Japan who reigned from 1252 to 1266.

Top 7 most famous people died in 1242

Feb 10 Emperor Shijō the 87th emperor of Japan, according to the traditional order of succession. This reign spanned the years 1232 through 1242
Feb 12 Henry (VII) of Germany King of Sicily from 1212, Duke of Swabia from 1216, and King of Germany from 1220. He was the son and co-king of Emperor Frederick II and elder brother of Conrad IV of Germany. He was the seventh Henry to rule Germany, but in order to avoid confusion with Henry VII, Holy Roman Emperor, he is usually numbered Henry
Jul 1 Chagatai Khan the second son of Genghis Khan. He was Khan of the Chagatai Khanate from 1226-1242 C.E. The Chagatai language and Chagatai Turks take their names from him. He inherited most of what are now the five Central Asian states after the death of his father. He was also appointed by Genghis Khan to oversee the execution of the Yassa, the written code of law created by Genghis Khan, though that lasted only until Genghis Khan was crowned Khan of the Mongol Empire. The Empire later came to be known as the Chagatai Khanate, a descendant empire of the Mongol Empire. Chagatai Khan was considered hot-headed and somewhat temperamental by his relatives, because of his attitude of non-acceptance of Jochi as Great Khan. He was the most vocal about this issue among his relations. Chaghatai himself appears to have been a just and energetic governor, though perhaps rough and uncouth, and addicted to hard drinking. At any rate, he was animated by the soldier-like spirit of his father, and succeeded in keeping order among as heterogeneous a population, as a kingdom was ever composed of
Jul 14 Hōjō Yasutoki the third shikken of the Kamakura shogunate in Japan. He strengthened the political system of the Hōjō regency
Oct 7 Emperor Juntoku the 84th emperor of Japan, according to the traditional order of succession. His reign spanned the years from 1210 through 1221
Dec 2 Al-Mustansir (Baghdad) born in Baghdad on 1192. On his father's death in 1226 he has succeeded his father Az-Zahir as the thirty-sixth Abbasid caliph. Al-Mustansir died on December 2, 1242. His son Al-Musta'sim succeeded him as the caliph
Dec 26 Hugh de Lacy 1st Earl of Ulster the younger son of Hugh de Lacy, Lord of Meath. He was a leading figure in the Norman invasion of Ireland in the 12th century. He was created Earl of Ulster in 1205 by King John of England