1245 in history

1245 events chronologically

Feb 21 Thomas, the first known Bishop of Finland, is granted resignation after confessing to torture and forgery

Born in 1245

Jan 16 Edmund Crouchback the second surviving son of King Henry III of England of the House of Plantagenet and Queen Eleanor of Provence. In his childhood he had a claim on the Kingdom of Sicily, but he never ruled there. In 1265 he was granted all the lands of Simon de Montfort and from 1267 he was titled Earl of Leicester. In that year he also began to rule Lancashire, but he did not take the title Earl of Lancaster until 1276. Between 1276 and 1284 he was also Count of Champagne and Brie, governing those counties in right of his second wife, Blanche of Artois, until her daughter from a previous marriage came of age. His nickname, "Crouchback" , refers to his participation in the Ninth Crusade
Jan 17 Roger of Lauria a Sicilian admiral in Aragonese service, who was the commander of the fleet of Aragon during the War of the Sicilian Vespers. He was probably the most successful and talented naval tactician of the medieval period. He is known as Ruggero or Ruggiero di Lauria in Italian
Apr 30 Philip III of France a Capetian King of France who reigned from 1270 to 1285.

Died in 1245

Aug 19 Ramon Berenguer IV Count of Provence the son of Alfonso II of Provence and Garsenda de Sabran, heiress of Forcalquier.
Aug 21 Alexander of Hales a theologian and philosopher important in the development of Scholasticism and of the Franciscan School.