1253 in history

1253 events chronologically

Apr 28 Nichiren, a Japanese Buddhist monk, propounds Nam Myoho Renge Kyo for the very first time and declares it to be the essence of Buddhism, in effect founding Nichiren Buddhism
Jul 4 Battle of West-Capelle: John I of Avesnes defeats Guy of Dampierre
Jul 6 Mindaugas is crowned King of Lithuania
Sep 8 Pope Innocent IV canonised Stanisław of Szczepanów, killed by king Bolesław II

Born in 1253

Mar 20 Wareru the founder of the Ramanya Kingdom located in today's Lower Burma. The kingdom is more commonly known as Kingdom of Hanthawady Pegu , or simply Pegu although the kingdom's first capital was Martaban. By using both diplomatic and military skills, the commoner of Shan and Mon descent successfully carved out a kingdom for the Mon people in Lower Burma following the collapse of the Pagan Empire in 1287. Wareru was nominally a vassal of his father-in-law Rama Khamheng of Sukhothai, and of the Mongols, and successfully repulsed attacks by the Three Shan Brothers of Myinsaing in 1287 and 1294
Jun 3 Margaret de Newburg 7th Countess of Warwick the daughter of Henry de Beaumont, 5th Earl of Warwick and Margaret D'Oili. She was sister and heiress of Thomas de Beaumont, 6th Earl of Warwick. She married first John Marshal, and secondly John de Plessis. The latter was a great favourite of Henry III, who in 1247 created him the seventh Earl of Warwick and subsequently Count of Warwick. He died 20 February 1263. There was no issue by either of these marriages and so at Margaret's death the estates passed to her cousin, William Maudit
Sep 11 Dmitry Borisovich a Russian nobleman. He was the eldest of the three sons of Prince Rostov Boris Vasylkovych from his marriage to Princess Maria Yaroslavna of Murom. He was Prince of Rostov and Prince of Uglich
Oct 17 Ivo of Kermartin Saint Ivo of Kermartin, T.O.S.F. also known Yvo or Ives, as Erwann and as Yves Hélory , was a parish priest among the poor of Louannec, the only one of his station to be canonized in the Middle Ages. He is the patron of Brittany, lawyers and abandoned children. His feast day is 19 May. Poetically, he is referred to as "Advocate of the Poor"

Top 7 most famous people died in 1253

Jan 18 Henry I of Cyprus King of Cyprus from 1218 to 1253. He was the son of Hugh I of Cyprus and Alice of Champagne of Jerusalem. When his father Hugh I died on January 10, 1218, the 8-month-old Henry became king. His mother was the official Regent, but handed off the actual governing to her uncle, Philip of Ibelin. When Philip died, the effective regency passed to his brother, John of Ibelin, the Old Lord of Beirut
Jun 24 Amadeus IV Count of Savoy Count of Savoy from 1233 to 1253.
Jul 8 Theobald I of Navarre Count of Champagne from birth and King of Navarre from 1234. He was famous as a trouvère and Crusader, and was the first Frenchman to rule Navarre
Aug 11 Clare of Assisi an Italian saint and one of the first followers of Saint Francis of Assisi. She founded the Order of Poor Ladies, a monastic religious order for women in the Franciscan tradition, and wrote their Rule of Life—the first monastic rule known to have been written by a woman. Following her death, the order she founded was renamed in her honor as the Order of Saint Clare, commonly referred to today as the Poor Clares
Sep 22 Dōgen a Japanese Zen Buddhist teacher born in Kyōto. He founded the Sōtō school of Zen in Japan after travelling to China and training under Rujing, a master of the Chinese Caodong lineage
Sep 23 Wenceslaus I of Bohemia King of Bohemia from 1230 to 1253.
Oct 9 Robert Grosseteste an English statesman, scholastic philosopher, theologian, scientist and Bishop of Lincoln. He was born of humble parents at Stradbroke in Suffolk. C. Crombie calls him "the real founder of the tradition of scientific thought in medieval Oxford, and in some ways, of the modern English intellectual tradition"