1260 in history

1260 events chronologically

May 5 Kublai Khan becomes ruler of the Mongol Empire
Jul 13 The Livonian Order suffers its greatest defeat in the 13th century in the Battle of Durbe against the Grand Duchy of Lithuania
Sep 3 The Mamluks defeat the Mongols at the Battle of Ain Jalut in Palestine, marking their first decisive defeat and the point of maximum expansion of the Mongol Empire
Sep 4 The Sienese Ghibellines, supported by the forces of Manfred, King of Sicily, defeat the Florentine Guelphs at Montaperti
Sep 20 The Great Prussian Uprising among the old Prussians begins against the Teutonic Knights
Oct 24 Saif ad-Din Qutuz, Mamluk sultan of Egypt, is assassinated by Baibars, who seizes power for himself
Oct 24 The Cathedral of Chartres is dedicated in the presence of King Louis IX of France; the cathedral is now a UNESCO World Heritage Site

Born in 1260

Oct 24 Qutuz the third of the Mamluk Sultans of Egypt in the Turkic line from 1259 until his death in 1260. It was under his leadership that the Mamluks achieved success against the Mongols in the key Battle of Ain Jalut. Qutuz was assassinated by a fellow Mamluk leader, Baibars, on the triumphant return journey to Cairo. Although Qutuz's reign was short, he is one of the most popular Mamluk sultans in the Islamic world and holds one of the highest positions in Islamic history

Died in 1260

Feb 2 Sadok and 48 Dominican martyrs from Sandomierz were Roman Catholic, Dominican martyrs killed by Mongols during the Second Mongol invasion of Poland in 1260. As homage to the deaths of these martyrs, Polish Dominican friars were given special dispensation allowing the usage of red belts in their habits
Feb 19 Boniface of Brussels 19 February. His relics are at the Kapellekerk and at La Cambre Abbey. He is also known as Boniface of Lausanne
May 12 Constance of Toulouse the daughter of Raymond VI, Count of Toulouse and his second wife Beatrice of Béziers.
Aug 20 Jaromar II Prince of Rügen a Danish nobleman. He was the ruling Prince of Rügen from 1249 until his death
Oct 7 Albert I Duke of Saxony a Duke of Saxony, Angria, and Westphalia; Lord of Nordalbingia; Count of Anhalt; and Prince-elector and Archmarshal of the Holy Roman Empire. Even though his grandfather Albert the Bear had held the Saxon dukedom between 1138 and 1142, this Albert is counted as the first