1261 in history

1261 events chronologically

Jul 25 The city of Constantinople is recaptured by Nicaean forces under the command of Alexios Strategopoulos, re-establishing the Byzantine Empire
Aug 15 Michael VIII Palaiologos is crowned Byzantine emperor in Constantinople
Aug 29 Pope Urban IV succeeds Pope Alexander IV as the 182nd pope
Dec 25 John IV Laskaris of the restored Eastern Roman Empire is deposed and blinded by orders of his co-ruler Michael VIII Palaiologos

Born in 1261

Feb 1 Walter de Stapledon Bishop of Exeter 1308–1326 and twice Lord High Treasurer of England, in 1320 and 1322. He founded Exeter College, Oxford and contributed liberally to the rebuilding of Exeter Cathedral. His tomb and monument, of great architectural importance, survives in Exeter Cathedral
Feb 11 Otto III Duke of Bavaria Duke of Lower Bavaria from 1290 to 1312 and disputably King of Hungary and Croatia between 1305 and 1307 as Béla V.
Feb 28 Margaret of Scotland Queen of Norway Queen of Norway as the wife of King Eric II.
Mar 1 Hugh le Despenser 1st Earl of Winchester for a time the chief adviser to King Edward II of England.
Jul 25 Arthur II Duke of Brittany Duke of Brittany from 1305 to his death. He was the first son of John II and Beatrice, daughter of Henry III of England and Eleanor of Provence
Oct 9 Denis of Portugal King of Portugal and the Algarve. The eldest son of Afonso III of Portugal by his second wife, Beatrice of Castile and grandson of king Alfonso X of Castile , Denis succeeded his father in 1279

Died in 1261

Feb 28 Henry III Duke of Brabant Duke of Brabant between 1248 and his death. He was the son of Henry II of Brabant and Marie of Hohenstaufen
May 25 Pope Alexander IV Pope from 12 December 1254 to his death in 1261.
Jul 8 Adolf IV of Holstein a Count of Schauenburg and of Holstein , of the House of Schaumburg. Adolf was the eldest son of Adolf III of Schauenburg and Holstein by his second wife, Adelheid of Querfurt
Sep 18 Konrad von Hochstaden Archbishop of Cologne from 1238 to 1261.
Nov 9 Sanchia of Provence the third daughter of Ramon Berenguer IV, Count of Provence and Beatrice of Savoy. Sanchia was described as "of incomparable beauty"
Nov 28 Al-Mustansir (Cairo) a member of the Abbasid house who, following the sack of Baghdad by the Mongols in 1258, was installed as Caliph in Cairo, Egypt by the Mamluk Sultans in 1261. He was sent with an army east to recover Baghdad, but was killed in a Mongol ambush in 1261, and was succeeded by his kinsman Al-Hakim The line of Cairo caliphs he founded lasted until the Ottoman conquest of Egypt in 1517, but they were little more than religious figureheads for the Mamluks