1274 in history

1274 events chronologically

May 7 In France, the Second Council of Lyon opens to regulate the election of the Pope

Born in 1274

Feb 9 Louis of Toulouse a cadet of the royal French house of Anjou who was made a Catholic bishop.
Jul 11 Robert the Bruce King of Scots from 1306 until his death in 1329. Robert was one of the most famous warriors of his generation, eventually leading Scotland during the Wars of Scottish Independence against England. He fought successfully during his reign to regain Scotland's place as an independent nation, and is today remembered in Scotland as a national hero
Oct 4 Rudolf I Duke of Bavaria Duke of Bavaria and Count Palatine of the Rhine from 1294 until 1317.
Nov 25 Catherine of Courtenay Titular Empress of Constantinople from 1283 to her death in 1307. In 1301, she became the second wife of Charles of Valois, by whom she had one son and three daughters; the eldest of these, Catherine II of Valois, Princess of Achaea succeeded her as titular empress

Top 7 most famous people died in 1274

Feb 22 Ibn Malik an Arab grammarian born in Jaén. After leaving al-Andalus for the Near East, he became a Shāfi‘ī, and taught Arabic language and literature in Aleppo and Hamāt, before eventually settled in Damascus, where he began the most productive period of his life. He was a senior master at the Adiliyya Madrasa. His reputation in Arabic literature was cemented by his al-Khulāsa al-alfiyya , a versification of Arabic grammar, for which at least 43 commentaries have been written
Mar 7 Thomas Aquinas also known as the "Doctor Angelicus" and "Doctor Communis". "Aquinas" is from the county of Aquino, an area in which his family held land until 1137. He was born in Roccasecca, Italy
Jun 25 Nasir al-Din al-Tusi a Persian polymath and prolific writer: An architect, astronomer, biologist, chemist, mathematician, philosopher, physician, physicist, scientist, theologian and Marja Taqleed. He was of the Ismaili-, and subsequently Twelver Shī‘ah Islamic belief. The Muslim scholar Ibn Khaldun considered Tusi to be the greatest of the later Persian scholars
Jul 15 Bonaventure Saint Bonaventure, O.F.M. born Giovanni di Fidanza, was an Italian medieval scholastic theologian and philosopher. The seventh Minister General of the Order of Friars Minor, he was also a Cardinal Bishop of Albano. He was canonised on 14 April 1482 by Pope Sixtus IV and declared a Doctor of the Church in the year 1588 by Pope Sixtus He is known as the "Seraphic Doctor". Many writings believed in the Middle Ages to be his are now collected under the name Pseudo-Bonaventura
Jul 22 Henry I of Navarre the Count of Champagne and Brie and King of Navarre from 1270. After a brief reign, characterised, it is said, by dignity and talent, he died in July 1274, suffocated, according to the generally received accounts, by his own fat
Aug 15 Robert de Sorbon a French theologian, the chaplain of Louis IX of France, and founder of the Sorbonne college in Paris.
Sep 2 Prince Munetaka the sixth shogun of the Kamakura shogunate of Japan who reigned from 1252 to 1266.