1278 in history

1278 events chronologically

Jul 25 The naval Battle of Algeciras takes place in the context of the Spanish Reconquista resulting in a victory for the Emirate of Granada and the Maranid Dynasty over the Kingdom of Castile
Aug 5 The Siege of Algeciras ends in the context of the Spanish Reconquista pitting the forces of the Kingdom of Castile against the Emirate of Granada. The battle resulted in a Granadan victory
Aug 26 Ladislaus IV of Hungary and Rudolph I of Germany defeat Premysl Ottokar II of Bohemia in the Battle of Marchfield near Dürnkrut in (then) Moravia
Nov 8 Trần Thánh Tông, the second emperor of the Trần dynasty, decides to pass the throne to his crown prince Trần Khâm and take up the post of Retired Emperor

Born in 1278

May 1 William II of Villehardouin the last Villehardouin prince of Achaea and ruled the principality at the height of its power and influence.
May 8 Emperor Duanzong of Song the eighth and penultimate emperor of the Southern Song Dynasty of China who reigned from 1276 to 1278 and died at the early age of ten. He was also known as the "Nation Establishing Duke ". Born Zhào Shì , his father was sixth Southern Song Emperor Duzong. He became Prince Ji in 1274 and Prince Yi in 1276. Enthroned as emperor at Fuzhou on 14 June 1276, his only era took the name of Jǐngyán. Duanzong's temple name means "Final Ancestor"
Aug 16 Napoleone della Torre an Italian nobleman, who was effective Lord of Milan in the late 13th century. He was a member of the della Torre family, the father of Corrado della Torre and the brother of Raimondo della Torre
Nov 10 Philip I Prince of Taranto titular Latin Emperor of Constantinople , despot of Epirus, King of Albania, Prince of Achaea and Taranto, and Lord of Durazzo.

Died in 1278

Mar 16 William IV Count of Jülich the son and heir of William III of Jülich and Mathilde of Limburg, daughter of Waleran III, Duke of Limburg.
Aug 26 Ottokar II of Bohemia a member of the Přemyslid dynasty who reigned as King of Bohemia from 1253 until 1278. He also held the titles of a Duke of Austria from 1251, Duke of Styria from 1260, as well as Duke of Carinthia and Margrave of Carniola from 1269
Nov 13 Barnim I Duke of Pomerania a Duke of Pomerania from 1220 until his death.
Dec 31 Bolesław II Rogatka a Duke of Kraków briefly in 1241, of Southern Greater Poland during 1241–1247, and Duke of all Silesia–Wrocław from 1241 until 1248, when it was divided between him and his brothers. He was Duke of Środa Śląska in Silesia from 1277 onward. During his reign the second Mongol raid against Poland, led by Nogai Khan occurred