1284 in history

1284 events chronologically

Mar 3 The Statute of Rhuddlan incorporates the Principality of Wales into England
Aug 6 The Republic of Pisa is defeated in the Battle of Meloria by the Republic of Genoa, thus losing its naval dominance in the Mediterranean

Born in 1284

Apr 25 Edward II of England King of England from 1307 until he was deposed in January 1327. The fourth son of Edward I, Edward became the heir to the throne following the death of his older brother Alphonso. He grew up to be tall and athletic, and was considered good-looking by his contemporaries. From 1300 onward, Edward accompanied his father on campaigns to pacify Scotland, and in 1307 he was knighted in a grand ceremony at Westminster Abbey. Edward succeeded to the throne later that year, following his father's death. In 1308, he married Isabella of France, the daughter of the powerful King Philip IV, as part of a long-running effort to resolve the tensions between the English and French crowns

Died in 1284

Jan 17 Alexander Prince of Scotland the son of Alexander III of Scotland and Margaret of England, and heir to the throne of Scotland. He was the grandson of Henry III of England and Alexander II of Scotland
Mar 24 Hugh III of Cyprus the King of Cyprus from 1267 and King of Jerusalem from 1268. He was the son of Henry of Antioch and Isabella of Cyprus, the daughter of Hugh He was a grandson of Bohemund IV of Antioch and thus a descendant of Robert Guiscard
Apr 4 Alfonso X of Castile the King of Castile, León and Galicia from 30 May 1252 until his death. During the Imperial election of 1257, a dissident faction chose him to be King of the Romans on 1 April. He renounced his imperial claim in 1275, and in creating an alliance with England in 1254 his claim on Gascony also
Apr 6 Peter Count of Perche and Alençon the son of Louis IX of France and Margaret of Provence. He became Count of Alençon in 1269 and in 1284, Count of Blois and Chartres, and Seigneur de Guise in 1272 and 1284. He was also Count of Perche
Apr 20 Hōjō Tokimune the eighth shikken of the Kamakura shogunate , known for leading the Japanese forces against the invasion of the Mongols and for spreading Zen Buddhism and by extension Bushido among the warrior class.
Aug 19 Alphonso Earl of Chester the ninth child of Edward I of England and Eleanor of Castile. During his lifetime, he was first in line to his father's throne of England and to his mother's county of Ponthieu in France
Nov 10 Siger of Brabant a 13th-century philosopher from the southern Low Countries who was an important proponent of Averroism. He was considered a radical by the conservative members of the Roman Catholic Church, but it is suggested that he played as important a role as his contemporary Thomas Aquinas in the shaping of Western attitudes towards faith and reason