1285 in history

1285 events chronologically

Jun 14 Second Mongol invasion of Vietnam: Forces led by Prince Trần Quang Khải of the Trần Dynasty destroy most of the invading Mongol naval fleet in a battle at Chuong Duong

Born in 1285

Mar 9 Emperor Go-Nijō the 94th emperor of Japan, according to the traditional order of succession. He reigned from March 3, 1301 until September 10, 1308
Apr 9 Ayurbarwada Buyantu Khan Emperor Renzong of Yuan regarded as the eighth Great Khan of the Mongols. His name means "blessed/good Khan" in the Mongolian language. His name "Ayurbarwada" was from a Sanskrit compound "Āyur-parvata", which means "the mountain of longevity", in contrast with Emperor Wuzong's name Qaišan
May 1 Edmund FitzAlan 9th Earl of Arundel an English nobleman prominent in the conflict between Edward II and his barons. His father, Richard FitzAlan, 2nd Earl of Arundel, died 09/03/1301 while Edmund was still a minor. He therefore became a ward of John de Warenne, Earl of Surrey, and married Warenne's granddaughter Alice. In 1306 he was styled Earl of Arundel, and served under Edward I in the Scottish Wars, for which he was richly rewarded
Jul 28 Keran Queen of Armenia the wife of Leo II of Armenia. She was the daughter of Prince Hethum of Lampron. Born Anna, she was called Kir Anna beginning in 1270. This name was later shortened to Keran, or Guerane
Dec 6 Ferdinand IV of Castile a king of Castile and León and Galicia. He was a son of Sancho El Bravo and his wife Maria de Molina

Top 7 most famous people died in 1285

Jan 7 Charles I of Naples the King of Sicily by conquest from 1266, though he had received it as a papal grant in 1262 and was expelled from the island in the aftermath of the Sicilian Vespers of 1282. Thereafter, he claimed the island, though his power was restricted to the peninsular possessions of the kingdom, with his capital at Naples
Mar 28 Pope Martin IV Pope from 21 February 1281 to his death in 1285.
May 20 John II of Jerusalem the eldest son of Hugh III of Cyprus and Isabella of Ibelin. He succeeded his father as King of Cyprus on March 24 and was crowned at Santa Sophia, Nicosia on May 11, 1284. His succession as King of Jerusalem was opposed by Charles of Anjou, who had also disrupted his father's succession. John died the following year on 20 May, having never married and leaving no children. He was buried in the church of Demetrius or according to some Santa Sophia, in Nicosia. According to some authors he was poisoned by his brothers, one of whom, Henry II, succeeded him in Cyprus and Jerusalem. He died unmarried and without issue
Aug 16 Philip I Count of Savoy the Count of Savoy from 1268 to 1285. Before this, he was the Bishop of Valence , Dean of Vienne and Archbishop of Lyon
Sep 9 Kunigunda of Halych Queen consort of Bohemia and its Regent from 1278 until her death. She was a member of the House of Chernigov, and a daughter of Rostislav Mikhailovich
Oct 5 Philip III of France a Capetian King of France who reigned from 1270 to 1285.
Nov 2 Peter III of Aragon the King of Aragon of Valencia , and Count of Barcelona from 1276 to his death. He conquered Sicily and became its king in 1282, pressing the claim of his wife, Constance. He was one of the greatest of medieval Aragonese monarchs