1292 in history

1292 events chronologically

Nov 17 John Balliol becomes King of Scotland

Born in 1292

Jan 15 Joan II Countess of Burgundy the eldest daughter and heiress of Otto IV, Count of Burgundy, and Mahaut, Countess of Artois, and was Queen of France as the wife of Philip V of France.
Jan 20 Elizabeth of Bohemia (1292–1330) a princess of the Bohemian Přemyslid dynasty who became queen consort of Bohemia as the first wife of King John the Blind. She was the mother of King of Bohemia and Holy Roman Emperor Charles IV
Jan 28 Ibn Qayyim Al-Jawziyya an Arab Sunni Islamic jurist, commentator on the Qur'an and theologian. Although he is sometimes referred to as "the scholar of the heart", given his extensive works pertaining to human behavior and ethics, Ibn al-Qayyim's scholarship was focused on the sciences of Hadith and Fiqh
Oct 3 Eleanor de Clare the wife of the powerful Hugh Despenser the younger. She was born in 1292 at Caerphilly in Glamorgan, Wales. She was the eldest daughter of Gilbert de Clare, 6th Earl of Hertford and 7th Earl of Gloucester, and Joan of Acre, daughter of Edward I and Eleanor of Castile; thus she was a granddaughter to Edward I of England. With her sisters, Elizabeth de Clare and Margaret de Clare, she inherited her father's estates after the death of her brother, Gilbert de Clare, 4th Earl of Gloucester at Bannockburn in 1314

Died in 1292

Apr 4 Pope Nicholas IV Pope from 22 February 1288 to his death in 1292. He was the first Franciscan to be elected pope
Jul 24 Kinga of Poland a saint in the Catholic Church and patroness of Poland and Lithuania.
Oct 25 Robert Burnell an English bishop who served as Lord Chancellor of England from 1274 to 1292. A native of Shropshire, he served as a minor royal official before entering into the service of Prince Edward, the future King Edward I of England. When Edward went on the Eighth Crusade in 1270, Burnell stayed in England to secure the prince's interests. He served as regent after the death of King Henry III of England while Edward was still on crusade. He was twice elected Archbishop of Canterbury, but his personal life—which included a long-term mistress who was rumoured to have borne him four sons—prevented his confirmation by the papacy. In 1275 Burnell was elected Bishop of Bath and Wells, after Edward had appointed him Lord Chancellor in 1274
Dec 8 John Peckham Archbishop of Canterbury in the years 1279–1292. He was a native of Sussex who was educated at Lewes Priory and became a Franciscan friar about 1250. He studied at the University of Paris under Bonaventure, where he would later teach theology. From his teaching, he came into conflict with Thomas Aquinas, whom he debated on two occasions. Known as a conservative theologian, he opposed Aquinas' views on the nature of the soul. Peckham also studied optics and astronomy, and his studies in those subjects were influenced by Roger Bacon