1297 in history

1297 events chronologically

Jan 8 François Grimaldi, disguised as a monk, leads his men to capture the fortress protecting the Rock of Monaco, establishing his family as the rulers of Monaco
Sep 11 Battle of Stirling Bridge: Scots jointly-led by William Wallace and Andrew Moray defeat the English

Born in 1297

Mar 25 Andronikos III Palaiologos Byzantine emperor from 1328 to 1341. Andronikos III was the son of Michael IX Palaiologos and Rita of Armenia. He was roclaimed co-emperor in his youth, before 1313, and in April 1321 he rebelled in opposition to his grandfather, Andronikos II Palaiologos. He was formally crowned co-emperor on February 1325, before ousting his grandfather outright and becoming sole emperor on 24 May 1328. His reign saw the last failed attempts to stem the Ottoman Turks in Bithynia and the defeat at Rusokastro against the Bulgarians, but also the successful recovery of Chios, Lesbos, Phocaea, Thessaly and Epirus. His early death left a power vacuum that resulted in the disastrous seven-year civil war between his Empress-dowager, Anna of Savoy, and his closest friend and supporter, John VI Kantakouzenos
Mar 25 Arnošt of Pardubice the first Archbishop of Prague. He was also an advisor and diplomat to Emperor Charles IV
Aug 13 Nawrūz (Mongol emir) a son of governor Arghun Agha, and was a powerful Mongol Oirat emir of the 13th century who played an important role in the politics of the Mongol Ilkhanate. He was a convert to Islam; the history of Bar Sawma's voyages and Mar Yaballaha III's Patriarchal tenure portrays him as a ferocious enemy of Nestorian Christians
Aug 14 Emperor Hanazono the 95th emperor of Japan, according to the traditional order of succession. His reign spanned the years from 1308 through 1318

Top 7 most famous people died in 1297

Jan 23 Florent of Hainaut Prince of Achaea from 1289 to his death, in right of his wife, Isabella of Villehardouin. He was the son of John I of Avesnes and Adelaide of Holland. From his father he received the stadholdership of Zeeland
Feb 22 Margaret of Cortona an Italian penitent of the Third Order of Francis. She was born in Laviano, near Perugia, and died in Cortona. She was canonized in 1728
May 21 Judith of Habsburg the youngest daughter of Rudolph I of Germany and his wife Gertrude of Hohenburg. Judith was a member of the Habsburg family
Aug 16 John II of Trebizond Emperor of Trebizond from 1280 to 1297. He was the youngest son of Emperor Manuel I and his third wife, Irene Syrikaina, a Trapezuntine noblewoman. John succeeded to the throne after his full-brother George was betrayed by his archons on the mountain of Taurezion. It was during his reign that the style of the rulers of Trebizond changed; until then, they claimed the traditional title of the Byzantine emperors, "Emperor and Autocrat of the Romans", but from John II on they changed it to "Emperor and Autocrat of all the East, the Iberians, and the Transmarine Provinces", although Iberia had been lost in the reign of Andronikos I Gidos
Aug 19 Louis of Toulouse a cadet of the royal French house of Anjou who was made a Catholic bishop.
Aug 20 Walram Count of Jülich the second son of William IV, Count of Jülich and Richardis of Guelders, daughter of Gerard III, Count of Guelders.
Dec 28 Hugh Aycelin a French Cardinal. He was also known as Hughes of Billom , Ugo Billomo, Hughes Séguin, Ugo Seguin de Billon, Hughes Aycelin de Montaigut and Hugues Séguin de Billon