1304 in history

1304 events chronologically

Jul 20 Wars of Scottish Independence: Fall of Stirling Castle – King Edward I of England takes the stronghold using the War Wolf
Aug 18 The Battle of Mons-en-Pévèle is fought to a draw between the French army and the Flemish militias

Born in 1304

Feb 16 Jayaatu Khan Emperor Wenzong of Yuan regarded as the 12th Great Khan of the Mongols in Mongolia.
Feb 25 Ibn Battuta a Moroccan explorer of Berber descent. He is known for his extensive travels, accounts of which were published in the Rihla. Over a period of thirty years, Ibn Battuta visited most of the known Islamic world as well as many non-Muslim lands. His journeys included trips to North Africa, the Horn of Africa, West Africa and Eastern Europe, and to the Middle East, South Asia, Central Asia, Southeast Asia and China. Ibn Battuta is generally considered one of the greatest travellers of all time
May 23 Jehan de Lescurel a medieval poet and composer.
Jul 20 Petrarch an Italian scholar and poet in Renaissance Italy, and one of the earliest humanists. Petrarch's rediscovery of Cicero's letters is often credited for initiating the 14th-century Renaissance. Petrarch is often called the "Father of Humanism". In the 16th century, Pietro Bembo created the model for the modern Italian language based on Petrarch's works, as well as those of Giovanni Boccaccio, and, to a lesser extent, Dante Alighieri. Petrarch would be later endorsed as a model for Italian style by the Accademia della Crusca. Petrarch's sonnets were admired and imitated throughout Europe during the Renaissance and became a model for lyrical poetry. He is also known for being the first to develop the concept of the "Dark Ages"

Top 7 most famous people died in 1304

Mar 4 Robert de Brus 6th Lord of Annandale a cross-border lord, and participant of the Second Barons' War, Welsh Wars, and First War of Scottish Independence.
May 11 Ghazan the seventh ruler of the Mongol Empire's Ilkhanate division in modern-day Iran from 1295 to 1304. He was the son of Arghun and Quthluq Khatun, continuing a long line of rulers who were direct descendants of Genghis Khan. Considered the most prominent of the Ilkhans, he is best known for making a political conversion to Islam in 1295 when he took the throne, marking a turning point for the dominant religion of Mongols in Central Asia. His principal wife was Kokechin, a Mongol princess sent by Kublai Khan, and escorted from the Mongol capital to the Ilkhanate by Marco Polo
Jul 7 Pope Benedict XI Pope from 22 October 1303 to his death in 1304.
Jul 27 Andrey of Gorodets a Russian prince, son of Alexander Nevsky, who received from his father the town of Gorodets on the Volga. In 1276, he added Kostroma to his possessions and joined the struggle for Grand Duchy of Vladimir-Suzdal
Aug 17 Emperor Go-Fukakusa the 89th emperor of Japan, according to the traditional order of succession. This reign spanned the years 1246 through 1260
Aug 22 John II Count of Holland Avesnes , Count of Hainaut, Holland, and Zeeland.
Sep 29 John de Warenne 6th Earl of Surrey a prominent English nobleman and military commander during the reigns of Henry III of England and Edward I of England. During the Second Barons' War he switched sides twice, ending up in support of the king, for whose capture he was present at Lewes in 1264. Warenne was later appointed a Guardian of Scotland and featured prominently in Edward I's wars in Scotland