1345 in history

1345 events chronologically

Jun 11 The megas doux Alexios Apokaukos, chief minister of the Byzantine Empire, is lynched by political prisoners
Sep 26 Friso-Hollandic Wars: Frisians defeat Holland in the Battle of Warns

Born in 1345

Jan 17 Henry of Asti the titular Roman Catholic patriarch of Constantinople from 1339 and bishop of Negroponte in Frankish Greece. His fame rests on his leadership of the first Smyrniote crusade , on which he died
Mar 25 Blanche of Lancaster a member of the English royal House of Plantagenet, daughter of the kingdom's wealthiest and most powerful peer, Henry of Grosmont, 1st Duke of Lancaster. She was the first wife of John of Gaunt, 1st Duke of Lancaster, and the mother of King Henry IV
Oct 31 Ferdinand I of Portugal the King of Portugal and the Algarve from 1367 until his death.

Top 7 most famous people died in 1345

Jan 17 Martino Zaccaria the Lord of Chios from 1314 to 1329, ruler of several other Aegean islands, and baron of Veligosti–Damala and Chalandritsa in the Principality of Achaea. He distinguished himself in the fight against Turkish corsairs in the Aegean Sea, and received the title of "King and Despot of Asia Minor" from the titular Latin Emperor, Philip He was deposed from his rule of Chios by a Byzantine expedition in 1329, and imprisoned in Constantinople until 1337. Martino then returned to Italy, where he was named the Genoese ambassador to the Holy See. In 1343 he was named commander of the Papal squadron in the Smyrniote crusade against Umur Bey, ruler of the Emirate of Aydin, and participated in the storming of Smyrna in October 1344. He was killed, along with several other of the crusade's leaders, in a Turkish attack on 17 January 1345
Apr 14 Richard de Bury an English priest, teacher, bishop, writer, and bibliophile. He was a patron of learning and one of the first English collectors of books. He is chiefly remembered for his Philobiblon, written to inculcate in the clergy the pursuit of learning and the love of books. The "Philobiblon" is considered the earliest books to discuss librarianship in-depth
Jul 7 Momchil a 14th-century Bulgarian brigand and local ruler. Initially a member of a bandit gang in the borderlands of Bulgaria, Byzantium and Serbia, Momchil was recruited by the Byzantines as a mercenary. Through his opportunistic involvement in the Byzantine civil war of 1341–1347, where he played the various sides against each other, he became ruler of a large area in the Rhodopes and western Thrace
Sep 16 John IV Duke of Brittany John IV, Duke of Brittany, and 6th Earl of Richmond from 1341 to his death. He was the son of Arthur II, Duke of Brittany and his second wife, Yolande de Dreux. He contested the inheritance of the Duchy of Brittany by his niece, Joan of Penthièvre, which led to the War of the Breton Succession, which in turn evolved into being part of the Hundred Years' War between England and France. John's patron in his quest was King Edward III of England. He died in 1345, 19 years before the end of the war, and the victory of his son John V over Joan of Penthièvre and her husband, Charles of Blois
Sep 18 Andrew Duke of Calabria the first husband of Joanna I of Naples, son of Charles I of Hungary and brother of Louis I of Hungary.
Sep 26 William II Count of Hainaut William IV of Avesnes, William IV of Holland and William III of Zeeland from 1337 to his death, succeeding his father, William He married Joanna, Duchess of Brabant and Limburg in 1334, but had no issue.
Nov 13 Constance of Peñafiel the daughter of Juan Manuel, Prince of Villena , called "el escritor" , Duke of Peñafiel, and his second wife Constance of Aragon, a daughter of James II of Aragon.