1361 in history

1361 events chronologically

Dec 21 The Battle of Linuesa is fought in the context of the Spanish Reconquista between the forces of the Emirate of Granada and the combined army of the Kingdom of Castile and of Jaén resulting in a Castilian victory

Born in 1361

Feb 26 Wenceslaus IV of Bohemia was, by inheritance, King of Bohemia from 1363 and by election, German King from 1376. He was the third Bohemian and third German monarch of the Luxembourg dynasty. Wenceslaus was deposed in 1400 as King of the Romans, but continued to rule as Bohemian king until his death
Nov 2 Isabella Countess of Foix the daughter of Roger Bernard V, Viscount of Castelbon and his wife Gerauda of Navailles. She was Countess of Foix in her own right, but shared power with her husband. She succeeded as Countess, along with her husband upon the childless death of her brother Matthew, Count of Foix

Died in 1361

Feb 26 William V Duke of Jülich a German nobleman. Some authors call him William I, because he was the first Duke of Jülich; the earlier Williams had been Count of Jülich. Other authors call the subject of this article "William VI"; they count the son and co-ruler of William IV as William V
Mar 23 Henry of Grosmont 1st Duke of Lancaster a member of the English nobility in the 14th century, and a prominent English diplomat, politician, and soldier. The son and heir of Henry, 3rd Earl of Lancaster, and Maud Chaworth, he became one of Edward III's most trusted captains in the early phases of the Hundred Years' War and distinguished himself with victory in the Battle of Auberoche. He was a founding member and the second Knight of the Order of the Garter in 1348, and in 1351 was created duke. Grosmont was also the author of the book Livre de seyntz medicines, a highly personal devotional treatise. He is remembered as one of the founders and early patrons of Corpus Christi College, Cambridge, which was established by two of the guilds of the town in 1352
Jun 9 Philippe de Vitry a French composer, music theorist and poet. He was an accomplished, innovative, and influential composer, and may also have been the author of the Ars Nova treatise. He was widely acknowledged as the greatest musician of his day, with Petrarch writing a glowing tribute, calling him: "...the keenest and most ardent seeker of truth, so great a philosopher of our age."
Jun 15 Johannes Tauler a German mystic, a Catholic preacher and a theologian. A disciple of Meister Eckhart, he belonged to the Dominican order. Tauler was known as one of the most important Rhineland Mystics. He promoted a certain neo-platonist dimension in the Dominican spirituality of his time
Sep 18 Louis V Duke of Bavaria Duke of Bavaria and as Louis I also Margrave of Brandenburg and Count of Tyrol. Louis V was the eldest son of Emperor Louis IV and his first wife Beatrix of Świdnica. He was a member of the Wittelsbach dynasty
Oct 15 Humphrey de Bohun 6th Earl of Hereford a Lord High Constable of England. He distinguished himself as a captain in the Breton campaigns of the Hundred Years' War, winning the victories of Morlaix and La Roche-Derrien
Nov 21 Philip I Duke of Burgundy Duke of Burgundy from 1350 until his death. Philip was the only son of Philip of Burgundy, heir to the Duchy of Burgundy, and Joanna I, Countess of Auvergne and Boulogne. He succeeded his grandfather when he was only three years old. His deceased father was the only child of Odo IV, Duke of Burgundy, and of Joan III, Countess of Burgundy and Artois