1378 in history

1378 events chronologically

Sep 20 Cardinal Robert of Geneva, called by some the "Butcher of Cesena", is elected as Avignon Pope Clement VII, beginning the Papal schism

Born in 1378

Jan 23 Louis III Elector Palatine an Elector Palatine of the Rhine from the house of Wittelsbach in 1410–1436.
Aug 16 Hongxi Emperor the fourth emperor of the Ming Dynasty of China. He succeeded his father, the Yongle Emperor, in 1424. His era name means "Vastly bright"
Oct 24 David Stewart Duke of Rothesay prince and heir to the throne of Scotland from 1390 and the first Duke of Rothesay from 1398. He was named after his great-great-uncle, David II of Scotland, and also held the titles of Earl of Atholl and Earl of Carrick. He shares with his uncle and arch-rival, Robert Stewart, first Duke of Albany, the distinction of being first Dukes to be created in the Scottish Peerage. David never became King. His marriage to Marjorie Douglas, daughter of Archibald the Grim, the third Earl of Douglas, was without issue
Dec 16 Secondotto Marquess of Montferrat the Margrave of Montferrat from 1372 to his death, the third of the Greek Palaeologan dynasty. His name Secondotto may derive from his being the second Otto to rule Montferrat in his own right, though he would really be Otto III. More probably it is derived from Saint Secundus , the patron saint of Asti, which his father treated as the capital of the marquisate. The Otto may be in honour of Otto, Duke of Brunswick-Grubenhagen, a close ally of his father
Dec 31 Pope Callixtus III Pope from 8 April 1455 to his death in 1458. He was the last pope to take the name "Callixtus" upon his election

Died in 1378

Jan 13 Đurađ I Balšić the Lord of Zeta from 1362 – 13 January 1378. He was the eldest of the three sons of Balša I, and belonged to the House of Balšić
Feb 6 Joanna of Bourbon Queen of France as the wife of King Charles V.
Mar 27 Pope Gregory XI Pope from 30 December 1370 to his death in 1378. He was the seventh and last Avignon Pope
Apr 28 Biligtü Khan Ayushiridara a ruler of the Northern Yuan Dynasty in Mongolia. Ascended to the throne after the death of his father who was the last Yuan emperor, he defeated the invading Ming army in 1372 and recaptured some Chinese borderlands that were previously lost to the newly founded Ming Dynasty
Aug 4 Galeazzo II Visconti a member of the Visconti dynasty and a ruler of Milan, Italy.
Nov 29 Charles IV Holy Roman Emperor the second King of Bohemia from the House of Luxembourg, and the first King of Bohemia also to become Holy Roman Emperor.