1391 in history

1391 events chronologically

Jul 18 Tokhtamysh–Timur war: Battle of the Kondurcha River – Timur defeats Tokhtamysh of the Golden Horde in present day southeast Russia
Aug 20 Konrad von Wallenrode becomes the 24th Hochmeister of the Teutonic Order
Aug 24 Jews are massacred in Palma de Mallorca

Born in 1391

Jul 31 Ciriaco de' Pizzicolli a restlessly itinerant Italian humanist and antiquarian who came from a prominent family of merchants in Ancona. Sometimes he is called the Father of Archaeology. Unlike many library antiquarians, Ciriaco traveled at first for his family's ventures then to satisfy his own curiosity, all around the Eastern Mediterranean, noting down his archaeological discoveries in his day-book, Commentaria, that eventually filled six volumes. He made numerous voyages in Southern Italy, Dalmatia and Epirus and into the Morea, to Egypt, to Chios, Rhodes and Beirut, to Anatolia and Constantinople, during which he wrote detailed descriptions of monuments and ancient remains, illustrated by his drawings. He was employed by the Ottomans during the 1422 siege of Constantinople. His detailed on-site observations, particularly in lands of the Ottoman Empire, make him one of the precursors of modern archaeology. His accuracy as a meticulous epigrapher was praised by Giovanni Battista de Rossi
Oct 31 Edward King of Portugal King of Portugal and the Algarve and second Lord of Ceuta from 1433 until his death. He was born in Viseu, the son of John I of Portugal and his wife, Philippa of Lancaster, a daughter of John of Gaunt. Duarte was the oldest member of the Ínclita Geração
Nov 6 Edmund Mortimer 5th Earl of March heir presumptive to King Richard II of England. After the deposition of Richard II, because of Mortimer's claim to the crown, he was the focus of plots against King Henry IV and King Henry Mortimer was the last Earl of March to come from his family

Top 7 most famous people died in 1391

Jan 16 Muhammed V of Granada the eighth Nasrid ruler of the Moorish Emirate of Granada in Al-Andalus on the Iberian Peninsula.
Feb 16 John V Palaiologos a Byzantine emperor, who succeeded his father in 1341, at age nine.
Mar 10 Tvrtko I of Bosnia the Ban of Bosnia during 1353–77, King of Bosnia and Serbia during 1377–91, and king of Croatia and Dalmatia after 1390. A member of the Bosnian Kotromanić dynasty which had ruled the Banate of Bosnia, he was a "politically adept and religiously tolerant ruler" and under his command Bosnia reached its peak and became the strongest power in the Balkans, conquering parts of what is today Serbia, Croatia and Montenegro
Mar 17 Uliana of Tver a daughter of Prince Alexander of Tver and Anastasia of Halych. She was the second wife of Algirdas, Grand Duke of Lithuania
Nov 1 Amadeus VII Count of Savoy Count of Savoy from 1383 to 1391.
Nov 2 Al-Nasir Muhammad Salah al-Din an imam of Yemen who ruled during the period 1372-1391. He was a Zaydi imam and a descendant of the Prophet Muhammad
Nov 14 Nikola Tavelić a saint of the Catholic Church. This Franciscan missionary, who died a martyr's death in Jerusalem, was the first Croatian saint