1396 in history

1396 events chronologically

Sep 25 Ottoman Emperor Bayezid I defeats a Christian army at the Battle of Nicopolis

Born in 1396

Apr 9 John VIII Count of Harcourt a count of Aumale. He was the son of John VII of Harcourt, count of Harcourt, and of Marie of Alençon, a "princess of the blood"
Jul 31 Philip the Good Duke of Burgundy as Philip III from 1419 until his death. He was a member of a cadet line of the Valois dynasty. During his reign Burgundy reached the height of its prosperity and prestige and became a leading center of the arts. Philip is known in history for his administrative reforms, patronage of Flemish artists such as Jan van Eyck, of Franco-Flemish composers such as Gilles Binchois, and the capture of Joan of Arc. During his reign he alternated between English and French alliances in an attempt to improve his dynasty's position. Moreover, as ruler of Flanders, Brabant, Limburg, Artois, Hainaut, Holland, Zeeland, Friesland and Namur, he played an important role in the history of the Low Countries
Oct 16 William de la Pole 1st Duke of Suffolk an English commander in the Hundred Years' War and Lord High Admiral of England from 1447 until 1450. He was nicknamed Jack Napes, from which the word "jackanapes" derives. He also appears prominently in William Shakespeare's Henry VI, Part 1 and Henry VI, Part 2

Died in 1396

Mar 24 Walter Hilton an English Augustinian mystic.
May 19 John I of Aragon the King of Aragon from 1387 until his death.
Aug 20 Marsilius of Inghen a medieval Dutch Scholastic philosopher who studied with Albert of Saxony and Nicole Oresme under Jean Buridan. He was Magister at the University of Paris as well as at the University of Heidelberg from 1386 to 1396
Sep 25 Jean de Carrouges a fourteenth-century French knight who governed estates in Normandy as a vassal of Count Pierre d'Alençon and served under Admiral Jean de Vienne in several campaigns against the English and the forces of the Ottoman Empire. He became infamous in medieval France for fighting in the last judicial duel permitted by the French king and the Parlement of Paris. The combat was decreed in 1386 to contest charges of rape Carrouges had brought against his neighbour and erstwhile friend Jacques Le Gris on behalf of his wife Marguerite. It was attended by much of the highest French nobility of the time led by King Charles VI and his family, including a number of royal dukes. It was also attended by thousands of ordinary Parisians and in the ensuing decades was chronicled by such notable medieval historians as Jean Froissart, Jean Juvénal des Ursins and Jehan de Waurin
Sep 25 Jean de Vienne a French knight, general and Admiral of France during the Hundred Years' War.
Oct 5 Juan Alonso de Guzmán 1st Count of Niebla the first Count of Niebla. He was a descendent of Alonso Pérez de Guzmán
Dec 10 Helena Kantakouzene the Empress consort of John V Palaiologos in the Byzantine Empire.