1397 in history

1397 events chronologically

Apr 17 Geoffrey Chaucer tells The Canterbury Tales for the first time at the court of Richard II. Chaucer scholars have also identified this date (in 1387) as the start of the book's pilgrimage to Canterbury

Born in 1397

Jan 22 Louis Dauphin of France Duke of Guyenne a younger son of Charles VI of France and Isabeau of Bavaria. He was the third child of his parents to hold the title Dauphin of France, holding it from the death of his older brother in 1401, when he was likewise made Duke of Guyenne
Feb 21 Isabella of Portugal Duchess of Burgundy Duchess of Burgundy as the third wife of Duke Philip the Good. Born a Portuguese infanta of the House of Aviz, Isabella was the only surviving daughter of King John I of Portugal and his wife Philippa of Lancaster. Her son by Philip was Charles the Bold, the last Valois Duke of Burgundy. Isabella was the regent of the Burgundian Low Countries during the absence of her spouse in 1432 and in 1441–1443. She served as her husband's representative in negotiations with England regarding trade relations in 1439 and those with the rebellious cities of Holland in 1444
May 15 Sejong the Great the fourth king of Joseon. Born with family name Yi , given name Do , family origin Jeonju , sobriquet Wonjeong. Posthumous name is Sejong. Posthumous title, abbreviated, is JangHun Great King , and official title is Sejong Jangheon Yeongmun Yemu Inseong Myeonghyo Daewang. He was the third son between King Taejong and Queen-Consort Min. He was designated as heir-apparent, Grand Prince, after his older brother Jae was stripped of his title. He ascended to the throne in 1418. During the first four years of his reign, Taejong governed as regent, and this was when his father-in-law, Shim Ohn, and his close associates were executed
Aug 10 Albert II of Germany King of Hungary and Croatia from 1437 until his death. He was also King of Bohemia, elected King of Germany as Albert II, duke of Luxembourg and, as Albert V, archduke of Austria from 1404
Nov 15 Pope Nicholas V Pope from 6 March 1447 until his death in 1455. The Pontificate of Nicholas saw the fall of Constantinople to the Ottoman Turks. He is the last pope to take the name "Nicholas" upon his election

Top 7 most famous people died in 1397

Jan 21 Albert II Duke of Bavaria a feudal co-regent, with his father Albert I, Duke of Bavaria, in the counties of Holland, Hainaut, and Zeeland in the Low Countries. Additionally, from 1389 until his death in 1397, he administered the Bavarian province of Straubing in the name of his father, it being his Bavarian ducal line's appanage and seat. Albert II's mother was Margaret of Brieg, great granddaughter of Wenceslaus II of Bohemia
Feb 18 Enguerrand VII Lord of Coucy a 14th-century French nobleman, the last Sieur de Coucy, and the son-in-law of King Edward III of England and Philippa of Hainault. Following his marriage to Edward's daughter Isabella of England , Coucy also held the English title of 1st Earl of Bedford, among other English estates granted to the couple by Edward III. Because his life is well-chronicled, and he occupies a pivotal role in late medieval history, notably in the conflict between England and France, historian Barbara Tuchman makes him the main character in A Distant Mirror: The Calamitous 14th Century
Jun 16 Philip of Artois Count of Eu Count of Eu from 1387 until his death, succeeding his brother Robert.
Sep 2 Francesco Landini an Italian composer, organist, singer, poet and instrument maker. He was one of the most famous and revered composers of the second half of the 14th century, and by far the most famous composer in Italy
Sep 8 Thomas of Woodstock 1st Duke of Gloucester the fourteenth and youngest child of King Edward III of England and Philippa of Hainault. He was the fifth of the five sons of Edward III who survived to adulthood
Sep 21 Richard FitzAlan 11th Earl of Arundel an English medieval nobleman and military commander.
Oct 6 Vuk Branković a Serbian medieval nobleman who during the Fall of the Serbian Empire inherited a province in present day south and southwestern Serbia, the northern part of present day Macedonia and northern Montenegro. His fief was known as Oblast Brankovića or simply as Vukova zemlja which he held with the title of gospodin , under Prince Lazar of Serbia. After the Battle of Kosovo Vuk was briefly de facto most powerful Serbian lord