1425 in history

1425 events chronologically

Dec 9 The Catholic University of Leuven is founded

Born in 1425

Jan 5 Henry IV of Castile the last of the weak late medieval kings of Castile. During Henry's reign the nobles increased in power and the nation became less centralised
Mar 31 Bianca Maria Visconti Duchess of Milan from 1450 to 1468.
Apr 30 William III Landgrave of Thuringia landgrave of Thuringia and claimant duke of Luxemburg. He is actually the second William to rule Thuringia, and in Luxembourg; he was the third Margrave of Meissen named William
Jun 22 Lucrezia Tornabuoni a daughter of Francesco di Simone Tornabuoni and Nanna di Niccolo di Luigi Guicciardini. Her brother was Giovanni Tornabuoni
Aug 1 Frederick I Elector Palatine a Count Palatine of the Rhine and Elector Palatine from the House of Wittelsbach in 1451 - 1476.
Oct 14 Alesso Baldovinetti an Italian early Renaissance painter.

Top 7 most famous people died in 1425

Jan 18 Edmund Mortimer 5th Earl of March heir presumptive to King Richard II of England. After the deposition of Richard II, because of Mortimer's claim to the crown, he was the focus of plots against King Henry IV and King Henry Mortimer was the last Earl of March to come from his family
Feb 27 Vasily I of Moscow the Grand Prince of Moscow , heir of Dmitry Donskoy. He ruled as a Great Horde vassal between 1389-1395, and again in 1412-1425. Mongol emir Timur's raid on the Volgan regions in 1395 resulted in the Golden Horde's state of anarchy for the next years and the independence of Moscow. In 1412, Vasily reinstated himself as the Horde's vassal. He had entered an alliance with the Grand Duchy of Lithuania in 1392 and married Vytautas the Great's only daughter Sophia, though the alliance turned out to be fragile, since Vytautas would later capture Vyazma and Smolensk in 1403–1404
May 24 Murdoch Stewart Duke of Albany a leading Scottish nobleman, the son of Robert Stewart, Duke of Albany and the grandson of King Robert II of Scotland, who founded the Stewart dynasty. In 1389 he was Justiciar North of the Forth. In 1402 he was captured at the Battle of Homildon Hill and would spend 12 years in captivity in England. After his father died in 1420, and while the future King James I of Scotland was himself held captive in England, Stewart served as Governor of Scotland, until 1424 when James was finally ransomed and returned to Scotland. However, in 1425, soon after James's coronation, Albany was arrested, found guilty of treason, and executed, along with two of his sons. His only surviving heir was James the Fat, who escaped to Antrim, Ireland, where he died in 1429. Albany's wife Isabella of Lennox survived the destruction of her family, and would live to see the murder of James I and the restoration of her title and estates
May 29 Hongxi Emperor the fourth emperor of the Ming Dynasty of China. He succeeded his father, the Yongle Emperor, in 1424. His era name means "Vastly bright"
Jul 21 Manuel II Palaiologos Byzantine Emperor from 1391 to 1425. Shortly before his death he was tonsured a monk and received the name Matthew. He is commemorated on July 21
Sep 8 Charles III of Navarre King of Navarre from 1387 to his death and Count of Évreux from 1387 to 1404, when he exchanged it for the title Duke of Nemours. He spent his reign improving the infrastructure of his kingdom, restoring Navarre's pride after the dismal reign of his father, Charles the Bad, and mending strained relations with France
Oct 21 Ralph Neville 1st Earl of Westmorland an English nobleman of the House of Neville.