1431 in history

1431 events chronologically

Jan 3 Joan of Arc is defeated by Bishop Pierre Cauchon
Jan 9 Judges' investigations for the trial of Joan of Arc begin in Rouen, France, the seat of the English occupation government
May 30 Hundred Years' War: in Rouen, France, the 19-year-old Joan of Arc is burned at the stake by an English-dominated tribunal. The Roman Catholic Church remembers this day as the celebration of Saint Joan of Arc
Jul 1 The Battle of La Higueruela takes place in Granada, leading to a modest advance of the Kingdom of Castile during the Reconquista
Dec 16 Hundred Years' War: Henry VI of England is crowned King of France at Notre Dame in Paris

Born in 1431

Jan 1 Pope Alexander VI Pope from 11 August 1492 until his death on 18 August 1503. He is one of the most controversial of the Renaissance popes, because he broke the priestly vow of celibacy and had several legitimately acknowledged children. Therefore his Italianized Valencian surname, Borgia, became a byword for libertinism and nepotism, which are traditionally considered as characterizing his pontificate. Two of Alexander's successors, Sixtus V and Urban VIII, described him as one of the most outstanding popes since Peter
Feb 7 Photius Metropolitan of Moscow Kiev , Metropolitan of Kiev and all Rus', Metropolitan of Moscow and all Russia, of Greek descent.
Jun 11 Edmund Tudor 1st Earl of Richmond the father of King Henry VII of England and a member of the Tudor family of Penmynydd, North Wales.
Sep 6 Demetrios Laskaris Leontares an important Byzantine statesman and military leader of the early 15th century, serving under the emperors Manuel II Palaiologos and John VIII Palaiologos.
Oct 26 Ercole I d'Este Duke of Ferrara Duke of Ferrara from 1471 until 1505. He was a member of the House of Este. He was nicknamed North Wind and the Diamond

Top 7 most famous people died in 1431

Jan 25 Charles II Duke of Lorraine the Duke of Lorraine from 1390 to his death and Constable of France from 1418 to 1425. Charles was the elder son of John I, Duke of Lorraine, and Sophie, daughter of Eberhard II, Count of Württemberg
Feb 20 Pope Martin V Pope from 14 November 1417 to his death in 1431. His election effectively ended the Western Schism
Apr 1 Nuno Álvares Pereira Dom Nuno Álvares Pereira, Carm. also spelled Nun'Álvares Pereira, was a Portuguese general of great success who had a decisive role in the 1383-1385 Crisis that assured Portugal's independence from Castile. He later became a mystic, was beatified by Pope Benedict XV in 1918 and was canonised by Pope Benedict XVI in 2009
May 6 Bolesław I Duke of Cieszyn a Duke of half of Bytom and Siewierz from 1405, Duke of Cieszyn and half of both Głogów and Ścinawa from 1410, and Duke of Toszek and Strzelin during 1410–1414.
May 30 Joan of Arc considered a heroine of France and a Roman Catholic saint. She was born to a peasant family at Domrémy in north-east France. Joan said she received visions of the Archangel Michael, Saint Margaret and Saint Catherine instructing her to support Charles VII and recover France from English domination late in the Hundred Years' War. The uncrowned King Charles VII sent Joan to the siege of Orléans as part of a relief mission. She gained prominence after the siege was lifted in only nine days. Several additional swift victories led to Charles VII's coronation at Reims. On 23 May 1430, she was captured at Compiègne by the allied English-Burgundian faction. She was later handed over to the English, and then put on trial by the pro-English Bishop of Beauvais Pierre Cauchon on a variety of charges. After Cauchon declared her guilty she was burned at the stake on 30 May 1431, dying at about nineteen years of age
Jul 3 Violant of Bar queen of the medieval Iberian kingdom of Aragon.
Dec 8 Hedwig Jagiellon (1408–1431) a Polish and Lithuanian princess, and a member of the Jagiellon dynasty. For most of her life she, as the only child of Wladyslaw Jagiello, was considered to be heiress of the Polish and Lithuanian thrones. After the birth of Jagiello's sons in 1424 and 1427, Hedwig had some support for her claims to the throne. She died in 1431 amidst rumors that she was poisoned by her stepmother Sophia of Halshany