1442 in history

Born in 1442

Apr 28 Edward IV of England the King of England from 4 March 1461 until 3 October 1470, and again from 11 April 1471 until his death in 1483. He was the first Yorkist King of England. The first half of his rule was marred by the violence associated with the Wars of the Roses, but he overcame the Lancastrian challenge to the throne at Tewkesbury in 1471 to reign in peace until his sudden death. Before becoming king, he was 4th Duke of York, 7th Earl of March, 5th Earl of Cambridge and 9th Earl of Ulster. He was also the 65th Knight of the Order of the Golden Fleece
Jul 3 Emperor Go-Tsuchimikado the 103rd emperor of Japan, according to the traditional order of succession. His reign spanned the years from 1464 through 1500
Jul 13 Vannozza dei Cattanei an Italian woman who was one of the many mistresses of Cardinal Rodrigo Borgia, later to become Pope Alexander Among them, she was the one whose relationship with him lasted the longest.
Sep 8 John de Vere 13th Earl of Oxford one of the principal Lancastrian commanders during the English Wars of the Roses.
Sep 27 John de la Pole 2nd Duke of Suffolk KG , known as "the Trimming Duke". He was the son of William de la Pole, 1st Duke of Suffolk and Alice Chaucer, daughter of Thomas Chaucer, and a great-grandson of the poet Geoffrey Chaucer

Top 7 most famous people died in 1442

Feb 23 Johannes von Gmunden a German/Austrian astronomer, mathematician, humanist and early instrument maker.
Aug 29 John VI Duke of Brittany duke of Brittany, Count of Montfort, and titular earl of Richmond, from 1399 to his death. He was son of Duke John V and Joan of Navarre
Oct 18 John Constable of Portugal a Portuguese infante of the House of Aviz, Constable of Portugal and master of the Portuguese Order of James. In Portugal, he is commonly referred to as the O Infante Condestável
Nov 1 John V Duke of Mecklenburg Duke of Mecklenburg from 1436 to 1442.
Nov 13 Elisabeth of Bavaria Electress of Brandenburg an Electress of Brandenburg.
Nov 14 Yolande of Aragon a throne claimant and titular queen regnant of Aragon, titular queen consort of Naples, Duchess of Anjou, Countess of Provence, and regent of Provence during the minority of her son. She was a daughter of John I of Aragon and his wife Yolande of Bar. Yolande played a crucial role in the struggles between France and England, influencing events such as the financing of Joan of Arc's army in 1429 and tipping the balance in favour of the French. She was also known as Jolantha de Aragon and Violant d'Aragó. Tradition holds that she commissioned the famous Rohan Hours
Dec 19 Elizabeth of Luxembourg queen consort of Germany, Hungary and Bohemia.