1443 in history

1443 events chronologically

Nov 28 Skanderbeg and his forces liberate Kruja in central Albania and raise the Albanian flag

Born in 1443

Jan 27 Albert III Duke of Saxony a Duke of Saxony. He was nicknamed Albert the Bold or Albert the Courageous and founded the Albertine line of the House of Wettin
Feb 12 Giovanni II Bentivoglio an Italian nobleman who ruled as tyrant of Bologna from 1463 until 1506. He had no formal position, but held power as the city's "first citizen." The Bentivoglio family ruled over Bologna from 1443, and repeatedly attempted to consolidate their hold of the Signoria of the city
Feb 23 Matthias Corvinus King of Hungary and Croatia from 1458. After conducting several military campaigns, he was elected King of Bohemia in 1469 and adopted the title Duke of Austria in 1487. He was the son of John Hunyadi, Regent of Hungary, who died in 1456. In 1457, Matthias was imprisoned along with his older brother, Ladislaus Hunyadi on the orders of King Ladislaus V of Hungary. Ladislaus Hunyadi was executed, causing a rebellion that forced King Ladislaus to flee Hungary. After the king died unexpectedly, Matthias's uncle Michael Szilágyi persuaded the Estates to unanimously proclaim Matthias king on 24 January 1458. He began his rule under his uncle's guardianship, but he took control of government within two weeks
May 17 Edmund Earl of Rutland the fifth child and second surviving son of Richard Plantagenet, 3rd Duke of York, and Cecily Neville. He was born in Rouen
May 31 Margaret Beaufort Countess of Richmond and Derby the mother of King Henry VII and paternal grandmother of King Henry VIII of England. She was a key figure in the Wars of the Roses and an influential matriarch of the House of Tudor. She founded two prominent Cambridge Colleges; Christ's College in 1505, and St John's College in 1511
Dec 1 Magdalena of Valois a daughter of Charles VII of France and Marie of Anjou, and acted as regent for her children, Francis I and Catherine I, who were successively monarchs of Navarre.
Dec 5 Pope Julius II Pope from 1 November 1503 to his death in 1513. His papacy was marked by an active foreign policy, ambitious building projects, and patronage for the arts—he commissioned the destruction and rebuilding of Peter's Basilica, plus Michelangelo's decoration of the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel

Died in 1443

Jan 11 La Hire a French military commander during the Hundred Years' War.
Jan 28 Robert le Maçon chancellor of France, advisor to Charles VII and supporter of Joan of Arc.
Mar 24 James Douglas 7th Earl of Douglas a late mediaeval Scottish magnate. He was the second son of Archibald Douglas, 3rd Earl of Douglas and Joan Moray of Bothwell and Drumsargard , after 1408
Apr 12 Henry Chichele born at Higham Ferrers, Northamptonshire, in 1363 or 1364. Chicheley told Pope Eugene IV, in 1443, in asking leave to retire from the archbishopric, that he was in his eightieth year
Jun 5 Ferdinand the Holy Prince an infante of the Kingdom of Portugal. He was the youngest of the "Illustrious Generation" of 15th-century Portuguese princes of the House of Aviz and was lay administrator of the Knightly Order of Aviz
Aug 16 Ashikaga Yoshikatsu the 7th shogun of the Ashikaga shogunate who reigned from 1442 to 1443 during the Muromachi period of Japan. Yoshikatsu was the son of 6th shogun Ashikaga Yoshinori