1444 in history

1444 events chronologically

Mar 2 Skanderbeg organizes a group of Albanian nobles to form the League of Lezhë
Jun 29 Skanderbeg defeats an Ottoman invasion force at Torvioll
Aug 26 Battle of St. Jakob an der Birs: A vastly outnumbered force of Swiss Confederates is defeated by the Dauphin Louis (future Louis XI of France) and his army of 'Armagnacs' near Basel
Nov 10 Battle of Varna: The crusading forces of King Vladislaus III of Varna (aka Ulaszlo I of Hungary and Wladyslaw III of Poland) are crushed by the Turks under Sultan Murad II and Vladislaus is killed

Born in 1444

Jan 24 Galeazzo Maria Sforza Duke of Milan from 1466 until his death. He was famous for being lustful, cruel and tyrannical
Jun 28 Charlotte Queen of Cyprus Queen of Cyprus and Princess of Antioch, as well as titular Queen of Jerusalem and Armenia.

Top 7 most famous people died in 1444

Mar 9 Leonardo Bruni an Italian humanist, historian and statesman. He has been called the first modern historian
Apr 26 Robert Campin usually considered the first great master of Flemish and Early Netherlandish painting. This had been a matter of controversy for decades; Campin's life is relatively well documented for the period, but no works in assessable condition could be securely connected with him, whilst a corpus of work had been attached to the unidentified "Master of Flémalle", named after the supposed origin of a work
May 20 Bernardino of Siena a Catholic saint. He is known in the Roman Catholic Church as “the Apostle of Italy” for his efforts to revive the country's Catholic faith during the 15th century. His preaching was frequently directed against gambling, witchcraft, sodomy and usury - particularly as practiced by Jews
May 27 John Beaufort 1st Duke of Somerset an English nobleman and military commander.
Jun 23 Mark of Ephesus a hesychast theologian of the late Palaiologan period who became famous for his rejection of the Council of Ferrara-Florence. As a monk in Constantinople, Mark was a prolific hymnographer and a devoted Palamite. As a theologian and a scholar, he was instrumental in the preparations for the Council of Ferrara-Florence, and as Metropolitan of Ephesus and delegate for the Patriarch of Alexandria, he was one of the most important voices at the synod. After renouncing the Council as a lost cause, Mark became the leader of the Orthodox opposition to the Union of Florence, thus sealing his reputation as a defender of Orthodoxy and pillar of the Church
Nov 10 Władysław III of Poland King of Poland from 1434, and King of Hungary from 1440, until his death at the Battle of Varna.
Nov 10 Julian Cesarini one of the group of brilliant cardinals created by Pope Martin V on the conclusion of the Western Schism. His intellect and diplomacy made him a powerful agent first of the Council of Basel and then, after he broke with the Conciliar movement at Basel, of Papal superiority against the Conciliar movement. The French bishop Bossuet described Cesarini as the strongest bulwark that the Catholics could oppose to the Greeks in the Council of Florence