1455 in history

1455 events chronologically

Jan 8 The Romanus Pontifex is written
Feb 23 Traditional date for the publication of the Gutenberg Bible, the first Western book printed with movable type
May 1 Battle of Arkinholm, Royal forces end the Black Douglas hegemony in Scotland
May 22 Start of the Wars of the Roses: at the First Battle of St Albans, Richard, Duke of York, defeats and captures King Henry VI of England

Top 7 most famous people born in 1455

Feb 2 John King of Denmark King of Denmark , Norway and as John II of Sweden in the Kalmar Union, and also Duke of Schleswig and Holstein. The three most important political goals of King John were the restoration of the Kalmar Union, reduction of the dominance of the Hanseatic League, and the building of a strong Danish royal power
Feb 22 Johann Reuchlin a German-born humanist and a scholar of Greek and Hebrew, whose work also took him to modern-day France, Austria, Switzerland, Italy. Most of Reuchlin's career was around advancing German knowledge of Greek and Hebrew
Mar 3 John II of Portugal the king of Portugal and the Algarves in 1477/1481–1495.
Mar 15 Pietro Accolti an Italian Roman Catholic cardinal. He was born in Florence, the son of Benedetto Accolti the Elder, and died at Rome
Aug 2 John Cicero Elector of Brandenburg Elector of Brandenburg from 1486 until his death, the fourth of the House of Hohenzollern. After his death he received the cognomen Cicero, after the Roman orator Cicero, but the elector's eloquence and interest in the arts is doubtful
Aug 15 George Duke of Bavaria the last Duke of Bavaria-Landshut. He was a son of Louis IX the Rich and Amalia of Saxony
Sep 4 Henry Stafford 2nd Duke of Buckingham KG played a major role in King Richard III's rise and fall. He is also one of the primary suspects in the disappearance of the Princes in the Tower. Buckingham was related to the royal family of England in many different ways, but his connections were all through daughters of younger sons. His chances of inheriting the throne would have seemed remote, but he played the role of a 'kingmaker' for Richard III and, unsuccessfully, for Henry VII

Top 7 most famous people died in 1455

Feb 18 Fra Angelico an Early Italian Renaissance painter described by Vasari in his Lives of the Most Excellent Painters, Sculptors, and Architects as having "a rare and perfect talent".
Mar 24 Pope Nicholas V Pope from 6 March 1447 until his death in 1455. The Pontificate of Nicholas saw the fall of Constantinople to the Ottoman Turks. He is the last pope to take the name "Nicholas" upon his election
Apr 1 Zbigniew Oleśnicki (cardinal) a high-ranking Roman Catholic clergyman and an influential Polish statesman and diplomat. He served as Bishop of Kraków from 1423 until his death in 1455. He took part in the management of the country's most important affairs, initially as a royal secretary under King Władysław II Jagiełło and later as the effective regent during King Władysław III's minority. In 1449 he became the first native Polish cardinal
May 22 Henry Percy 2nd Earl of Northumberland an English nobleman and military commander in the lead up to the Wars of the Roses. He was the son of Henry "Hotspur" Percy, and the grandson of Henry Percy, 1st Earl of Northumberland. His father and grandfather were killed in different rebellions against Henry IV in 1403 and 1408 respectively, and the young Henry spent his minority in exile in Scotland. Only after the death of Henry IV in 1413 was he reconciled with the Crown, and in 1416 he was created Earl of Northumberland
May 22 Edmund Beaufort 2nd Duke of Somerset an English nobleman and an important figure in the Wars of the Roses and in the Hundred Years' War. He also succeeded in the title of 4th Earl of Somerset and was created 1st Earl of Dorset and 1st Marquess of Dorset , and Count of Mortain. He was known for his deadly rivalry with Richard Plantagenet, 3rd Duke of York
Dec 1 Lorenzo Ghiberti a Florentine Italian artist of the Early Renaissance best known as the creator of the bronze doors of the Florence Baptistery, called by Michelangelo the Gates of Paradise. Trained as a goldsmith and sculptor, he established an important workshop for sculpture in metal. His book of Commentari contains important writing on art, as well as what may be the earliest surviving autobiography by any artist
Dec 2 Isabella of Coimbra a Portuguese infanta and a queen consort of Portugal as the first spouse of King Afonso V of Portugal.