1474 in history

Born in 1474

Mar 21 Angela Merici an Italian religious leader and saint. She founded the Order of Ursulines in 1535 in Brescia
May 18 Isabella d'Este Marchesa of Mantua and one of the leading women of the Italian Renaissance as a major cultural and political figure. She was a patron of the arts as well as a leader of fashion, whose innovative style of dressing was copied by women throughout Italy and at the French court. The poet Ariosto labeled her as the "liberal and magnanimous Isabella", while author Matteo Bandello described her as having been "supreme among women". Diplomat Niccolò da Correggio went even further by hailing her as "The First Lady of the world"
Sep 8 Ludovico Ariosto an Italian poet. He is best known as the author of the romance epic Orlando Furioso. The poem, a continuation of Matteo Maria Boiardo's Orlando Innamorato, describes the adventures of Charlemagne, Orlando, and the Franks as they battle against the Saracens with diversions into many sideplots. Ariosto composed the poem in the ottava rima rhyme scheme and introduced narrative commentary throughout the work
Oct 13 Mariotto Albertinelli a High Renaissance Italian painter of the Florentine school, closely involved with Fra Bartolomeo and influenced by Raphael.
Oct 26 Frederick of Saxony (Teutonic Knight) the 36th Grand Master of the Teutonic Knights, serving from 1498-1510. He was the third son of Albert, Duke of Saxony, and Sidonie of Poděbrady, daughter of George of Podebrady
Nov 7 Lorenzo Campeggio an Italian cardinal and politician. He was the last cardinal protector of England

Died in 1474

Jan 3 Pietro Riario an Italian cardinal and Papal diplomat.
Aug 26 James III of Cyprus the only and posthumous child by marriage of James II of Cyprus and Catherine Cornaro and King of Cyprus from birth. He died in mysterious circumstances as an infant, leaving his mother as the last Queen of Cyprus. His death paved the way for Venice to gain control of Cyprus
Oct 1 Juan Pacheco a Castilian noble who rose to power in the last years of the reign of Juan II of Castile and came to dominate the government of Castile during the reign of his son and successor Henry IV of Castile.
Nov 27 Guillaume Dufay a Franco-Flemish composer of the early Renaissance. As the central figure in the Burgundian School, he was the most famous and influential composer in Europe in the mid-15th century
Dec 1 Nicolò Marcello the 69th Doge of Venice, elected in 1473. He held office for a short period, from August 13, 1473 to December 1, 1474. Said to have been inspired by a previous painting dating from the 15th century, Titian painted Nicolo Marcello's portrait long after his death
Dec 11 Henry IV of Castile the last of the weak late medieval kings of Castile. During Henry's reign the nobles increased in power and the nation became less centralised
Dec 16 Ali Qushji an astronomer, mathematician and physicist originally from Samarkand, who settled in the Ottoman Empire some time before 1472. As a disciple of Ulugh Beg, he is best known for the development of astronomical physics independent from natural philosophy, and for providing empirical evidence for the Earth's rotation in his treatise, Concerning the Supposed Dependence of Astronomy upon Philosophy. In addition to his contributions to Ulugh Beg's famous work Zij-i-Sultani and to the founding of Sahn-ı Seman Medrese, one of the first centers for the study of various traditional Islamic sciences in the Ottoman caliphate, Ali Qushji was also the author of several scientific works and textbooks on astronomy