1497 in history

1497 events chronologically

Feb 7 The bonfire of the vanities occurs in which supporters of Girolamo Savonarola burn thousands of objects like cosmetics, art, and books in Florence, Italy
May 10 Amerigo Vespucci allegedly leaves Cádiz for his first voyage to the New World
May 20 John Cabot sets sail from Bristol, England, on his ship Matthew looking for a route to the west (other documents give a May 2 date)
Jun 17 Battle of Deptford Bridge – forces under King Henry VII defeat troops led by Michael An Gof
Jun 24 John Cabot lands in North America at Newfoundland leading the first European exploration of the region since the Vikings
Jun 27 Cornish rebels Michael An Gof and Thomas Flamank are executed at Tyburn, London, England
Jul 8 Vasco da Gama sets sail on the first direct European voyage to India

Born in 1497

Feb 16 Philipp Melanchthon a German reformer, collaborator with Martin Luther, the first systematic theologian of the Protestant Reformation, intellectual leader of the Lutheran Reformation, and an influential designer of educational systems. He stands next to Luther and Calvin as a reformer, theologian, and molder of Protestantism. Along with Luther, he is the primary founder of Lutheranism. They both denounced what they believed was the exaggerated cult of the saints, asserted justification by faith, and denounced the coercion of the conscience in the sacrament of penance by the Catholic Church, that they believed could not offer certainty of salvation. In unison they rejected transubstantiation, the belief that the bread from the Lord's Supper becomes Christ's body when consumed. Melanchthon made the distinction between law and gospel the central formula for Lutheran evangelical insight. By the "law", he meant God's requirements both in Old and New Testament; the "gospel" meant the free gift of grace through faith in Jesus Christ
Apr 16 Mōri Motonari a prominent daimyō in the west Chūgoku region of Japan during the Sengoku period of the 16th century.
Apr 17 Pedro de Valdivia a Spanish conquistador and the first royal governor of Chile. After serving with the Spanish army in Italy and Flanders, he was sent to South America in 1534, where he served as lieutenant under Francisco Pizarro in Peru, acting as his second in command. In 1540 he led an expedition of 150 Spaniards into Chile, where he defeated a large force of Indians and founded Santiago in 1541. He extended Spanish rule south to the Bío-Bío River in 1546, fought again in Peru , and returned to Chile as governor in 1549. He began to conquer Chile south of the Bío-Bío and founded Concepción in 1550. He was captured and killed in a campaign against the Araucanian Indians. The city of Valdivia in Chile is named after him
Aug 18 Francesco Canova da Milano an Italian lutenist and composer. He was born in Monza, near Milan, and worked for the papal court for almost all of his career. Francesco was heralded throughout Europe as the foremost lute composer of his time. More of his music is preserved than of any other lutenist of the period, and his work continued to influence composers for more than a century after his death

Top 7 most famous people died in 1497

Jan 3 Beatrice d'Este the wife of the Milanese ruler Ludovico Sforza. She was one of the most beautiful and accomplished princesses of the Italian Renaissance. A member of the Este family, she was the younger daughter of Ercole I d'Este and the sister of Isabella d'Este and Alfonso d'Este. Along with her sister, Beatrice was noted for her excellent taste in fashion and for having invented new clothing styles
Feb 6 Johannes Ockeghem often considered the most influential composer between Dufay and Josquin des Prez. In addition to being a renowned composer, he was also an honored singer, choirmaster, and teacher
Apr 4 Elizabeth Tilney Countess of Surrey an English heiress and lady-in-waiting to two queens. She became the first wife of Thomas Howard, Earl of Surrey
Jun 14 Giovanni Borgia 2nd Duke of Gandia the son of Pope Alexander VI a member of the House of Borgia. He was the brother of Cesare, Gioffre, and Lucrezia Borgia. Giovanni, commonly known as Juan , is believed to be the eldest of the Pope's four children by Vannozza dei Cattanei, but this is disputed. Due to the contents of a number of papal bulls issued after his murder, it is unclear whether Giovanni was born in 1476 or 1477
Jul 22 Francesco Botticini an Italian Early Renaissance painter who studied under Cosimo Rosselli and Andrea del Verrocchio. He was born in Florence in 1446 and is mostly known for his painting "Assumption of the Virgin" in the National Gallery, London showing the angelic hierarchy
Aug 25 Johann von Tiefen the 35th Grand Master of the Teutonic Knights, serving from 1489 to 1497.
Nov 7 Philip II Duke of Savoy the Duke of Savoy for the brief reign from 1496 to 1497.