Born in 1501

Jan 16 Anthony Denny a confidant of Henry VIII of England. Denny was the most prominent member of the Privy chamber in Henry's last years having, together with his brother-in-law John Gates, charge of the "dry stamp" of Henry's signature, and attended Henry on his deathbed. He also served as Groom of the Stool. He was a member of the reformist circle that offset the conservative religious influence of Bishop Gardiner. He was a wealthy man, having acquired manors and former religious sites through the Court of augmentations. By 1548 he was keeper of Westminster Palace
Jan 24 Jacob Milich a German mathematician, physician and astronomer.
Feb 1 Queen Munjeong the wife of King Jungjong of Joseon.
Mar 23 Pietro Andrea Mattioli a doctor and naturalist born in Siena.
May 6 Pope Marcellus II the 222nd pope of the Catholic Church from 9 April 1555 until his death 22 days later on 1 May 1555.
Jun 26 Cho Shik a Korean Joseon Dynasty Neo-Confucian scholar, educator, and poet. He had a major influence on the Easterners and the Northerners
Jul 18 Isabella of Austria Queen of Denmark, Sweden and Norway as the wife of King Christian She was the daughter of King Philip I and Queen Joanna of Castile and the sister of Emperor Charles She was born at Brussels. She served as regent of Denmark in 1520
Sep 24 Gerolamo Cardano an Italian Renaissance mathematician, physician, astrologer, philosopher and gambler. He wrote more than 200 works on medicine, mathematics, physics, philosophy, religion, and music. His gambling led him to formulate elementary rules in probability, making him one of the founders of the field