1506 in history

1506 events chronologically

Jan 22 The first contingent of 150 Swiss Guards arrives at the Vatican
Apr 18 The cornerstone of the current St. Peter's Basilica is laid
Apr 21 The three-day Lisbon Massacre comes to an end with the slaughter of over 1,900 suspected Jews by Portuguese Catholics
Aug 6 The Grand Duchy of Lithuania defeated the Crimean Khanate in the Battle of Kletsk

Born in 1506

Feb 2 René de Birague an Italian patrician who became a French cardinal and chancellor.
Apr 7 Francis Xavier a Roman Catholic missionary born in Xavier, Kingdom of Navarre , and co-founder of the Society of Jesus. He was a study companion of Ignatius of Loyola and one of the first seven Jesuits who took vows of poverty and chastity at Montmartre, in 1534. He led an extensive mission into Asia, mainly in the Portuguese Empire of the time. He was influential in evangelization work most notably in India. He also ventured into Japan, Borneo, the Maluku Islands, and other areas which had, until then, not been visited by Christian missionaries. In these areas, being a pioneer and struggling to learn the local languages in the face of opposition, he had less success than he had enjoyed in India. It was a goal of Xavier to extend his missionary preaching to China but he died in Shangchuan Island shortly before doing so
Apr 13 Peter Faber the first Jesuit priest and theologian, who was also a co-founder of the Society of Jesus. Pope Francis announced his canonization on 17 December 2013
Jul 1 Louis II of Hungary King of Hungary, Croatia and King of Bohemia from 1516 to 1526. He was killed during the Battle of Mohács fighting the Ottomans

Died in 1506

May 20 Christopher Columbus a Genoese explorer, navigator, and colonizer, born in the Republic of Genoa. Under the auspices of the Catholic Monarchs of Spain, he completed four voyages across the Atlantic Ocean. Those voyages, and his efforts to establish permanent settlements on the island of Hispaniola, initiated the Spanish colonization of the New World
Jul 26 Anne of Foix-Candale a Queen consort of Hungary as the third consort of King Vladislaus II of Bohemia and Hungary.
Aug 19 Alexander Jagiellon the Grand Duke of Lithuania and later also King of Poland. He was the fourth son of Casimir IV Jagiellon. He was elected Grand Duke of Lithuania on the death of his father , and King of Poland on the death of his brother John I Albert
Aug 26 Sesshū Tōyō the most prominent Japanese master of ink and wash painting from the middle Muromachi period. He was born into the samurai Oda family , then brought up and educated to become a Rinzai Zen Buddhist priest. However, early in life he displayed a talent for visual arts, and eventually became one of the greatest Japanese artists of his time, widely revered throughout Japan and China
Sep 13 Andrea Mantegna an Italian painter, a student of Roman archeology, and son in law of Jacopo Bellini. Like other artists of the time, Mantegna experimented with perspective, e.g., by lowering the horizon in order to create a sense of greater monumentality. His flinty, metallic landscapes and somewhat stony figures give evidence of a fundamentally sculptural approach to painting. He also led a workshop that was the leading producer of prints in Venice before 1500
Sep 25 Philip I of Castile the first member of the house of Habsburg to be King of Castile. The son of Holy Roman Emperor Maximilian I, at age 3 Philip inherited the greater part of the Duchy of Burgundy and the Burgundian Netherlands from his mother, Mary, and at 27 briefly succeeded to the Crown of Castile as the husband of Queen Joanna, who was also heiress-presumptive to the Crown of Aragon. He was the first Habsburg monarch in Spain. He never inherited his father's territories, nor became Holy Roman Emperor, because he predeceased his father, but his son Emperor Charles V eventually united the Habsburg, Burgundian, Castilian, and Aragonese inheritances