Born in 1507

Jan 1 Anna of Brandenburg Duchess of Mecklenburg a Princess of Brandenburg and by marriage Duchess of Mecklenburg.
Jan 14 Catherine of Austria Queen of Portugal Queen of Portugal as wife of King John III, and regent during the minority of her grandson, King Sebastian, from 1557 until 1562.
Feb 11 Philip II Metropolitan of Moscow a Russian Orthodox monk, who became Metropolitan of Moscow during the reign of Ivan the Terrible. He was one of a few Metropolitans who dared openly to contradict royal authority, and it is widely believed that the Tsar had him murdered on that account. He is venerated as a saint and martyr in the Eastern Orthodox Church
Mar 7 Magdalena of Saxony Margravine of Brandenburg, its "Electoral Princess", the Electoral equivalent of a crown princess.
Jun 6 Annibale Caro an Italian writer and poet.
Jun 25 Marie of Baden-Sponheim a German noblewoman and duchess of Bavaria.
Sep 16 Jiajing Emperor the 11th Ming dynasty Emperor of China who ruled from 1521 to 1567. Born Zhu Houcong, he was the former Zhengde Emperor's cousin. His father, Zhu Youyuan , the Prince of Xing, was the fourth son of the Cheng-hua emperor and the eldest son of three sons born to the emperor's concubine, Lady Shao
Sep 27 Guillaume Rondelet Regus Professor of medicine at the University of Montpellier in southern France and Chancellor of the University between 1556 and his death in 1566. He achieved renown as an anatomist and a naturalist with a particular interest in botany and zoology. His major work was a lengthy treatise on marine animals, which took two years to write and became a standard reference work for about a century afterwards, but his lasting impact lay in his education of a roster of star pupils who became leading figures in the world of late-16th century science
Oct 1 Giacomo Barozzi da Vignola one of the great Italian architects of 16th century Mannerism. His two great masterpieces are the Villa Farnese at Caprarola and the Jesuits' Church of the Gesù in Rome. The three architects who spread the Italian Renaissance style throughout Western Europe are Vignola, Serlio and Palladio
Oct 1 Johannes Sturm a German educator, influential in the design of the Gymnasium system of secondary education.
Oct 19 Viglius the name taken by Wigle Aytta van Zwichem, a Dutch statesman and jurist, a Frisian by birth.
Oct 26 Alvise I Mocenigo There were three Doges, and many other prominent Venetians, called Alvise Mocenigo. Alvise I Mocenigo was doge of Venice from 1570 to 1577
Oct 29 Fernando Álvarez de Toledo 3rd Duke of Alba a Spanish noble, general, and diplomat. He was titled the 3rd Duke of Alba de Tormes, 4th Marquis of Coria, 3rd Count of Salvatierra de Tormes, 2nd Count of Piedrahita, 8th Lord of Valdecorneja, Grandee of Spain, and a Knight of the Order of the Golden Fleece. His motto in Latin was Deo patrum Nostrorum, which in English means "To the God of our fathers"
Dec 18 Ōuchi Yoshitaka a daimyo of Suō Province and a son of Ōuchi Yoshioki.