Born in 1508

Feb 2 Jan Zabrzeziński a noble of Leliwa coat of arms from the Grand Duchy of Lithuania, who achieved the height of his influence during the reign of Alexander Jagiellon. He was duke's marshal , regent of Polatsk , castellan of Trakai , voivode of Trakai , and Grand Marshal of Lithuania. Zabrzeziński was married to Anna, daughter of Jan, elder of Brest and Hrodna
Mar 17 Humayun now Afghanistan, Pakistan, and parts of northern India from 1531–1540 and again from 1555–1556. Like his father, Babur, he lost his kingdom early, but regained it with Persian aid, with additional territory. At the time of his death in 1556, the Mughal empire spanned almost one million square kilometers
Apr 3 Jean Daurat a French poet, scholar and a member of a group known as The Pléiade.
Apr 5 Ercole II d'Este Duke of Ferrara Duke of Ferrara, Modena and Reggio from 1534 to 1559. He was the eldest son of Alfonso I d'Este and Lucrezia Borgia
Apr 23 Georg Sabinus a German poet, diplomat and academic.
Jun 8 Primož Trubar the Protestant reformer, most known as the author of the first Slovene language printed book, the founder and the first superintendent of the Protestant Church of the Slovene Lands, notable for consolidating the Slovene language. Trubar is the key figure of Slovenian cultural history and in many aspects a major historical personality
Oct 18 Patrick Hepburn 1st Earl of Bothwell Lord High Admiral of Scotland. He rose to political prominence after supporting James IV against his father, and was proxy at the King's marriage
Nov 30 Andrea Palladio an Italian architect active in the Republic of Venice. Palladio, influenced by Roman and Greek architecture, primarily by Vitruvius, is widely considered the most influential individual in the history of Western architecture. All of his buildings are located in what was the Venetian Republic, but his teachings, summarized in the architectural treatise, The Four Books of Architecture, gained him wide recognition. The city of Vicenza and the Palladian Villas of the Veneto are UNESCO World Heritage Sites
Dec 9 Gemma Frisius a physician, mathematician, cartographer, philosopher, and instrument maker. He created important globes, improved the mathematical instruments of his day and applied mathematics in new ways to surveying and navigation
Dec 24 Pietro Carnesecchi an Italian humanist.