Born in 1513

Jan 23 Hai Rui a Chinese official of the Ming Dynasty. In China he is remembered as a model of honesty and integrity in office. A play based on his career, Hai Rui Dismissed from Office, gained political significance in the 1960s during the Cultural Revolution
Jun 10 Louis Duke of Montpensier the second Duke of Montpensier. He was the great great grandfather of la Grande Mademoiselle
Aug 3 John Margrave of Brandenburg-Küstrin a member of the House of Hohenzollern and a Margrave of Brandenburg-Küstrin.
Sep 3 Gearóid Mór FitzGerald 8th Earl of Kildare Ireland's premier peer. He served as Lord Deputy of Ireland from 1477 to 1494, and from 1496 onwards. His power was so great that he was called "the uncrowned King of Ireland"
Sep 9 Adam Hepburn 2nd Earl of Bothwell a Scottish nobleman, who succeeded his father Patrick Hepburn, 1st Earl of Bothwell in 1508. Prior to that, he was known by one of his territorial designations, Adam Hepburn of Crags, under which he drew up his Testament
Sep 9 Archibald Campbell 2nd Earl of Argyll a Scottish nobleman and politician who was killed at the Battle of Flodden.
Sep 24 Catherine of Saxe-Lauenburg the first consort of Gustav I of Sweden and Queen of Sweden from 1531 until her death in 1535. She was born in Ratzeburg to Magnus I, Duke of Saxe-Lauenburg and Catherine, daughter of Henry IV, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg
Oct 30 Jacques Amyot born of poor parents, at Melun.
Dec 23 Thomas Smith (diplomat) an English scholar and diplomat.