Born in 1517

Jan 17 Henry Grey 1st Duke of Suffolk an English nobleman of the Tudor period and the father of Lady Jane Grey.
Feb 2 Gotthard Kettler the last Master of the Livonian Order and the first Duke of Courland and Semigallia.
Mar 22 Gioseffo Zarlino an Italian music theorist and composer of the Renaissance. He was possibly the most famous music theorist between Aristoxenus and Rameau, and made a large contribution to the theory of counterpoint as well as to musical tuning
Mar 29 Carlo Carafa successively condottiero in the service of France and of Spain, vying for their protectorates in Italy until 1555, when he was made a cardinal, to 1559 the all-powerful favourite and Cardinal Nephew of Pope Paul IV Carafa, whose policies he directed and whom he served as papal legate in Paris, Venice and Brussels. According to the Jesuit and later Cardinal Pietro Sforza Pallavicino, writing the history of the Council of Trent, his subtlety of spirit and grace of address, physical courage and instinct for glory were overridden by his insatiable thirst for power
Jun 18 Emperor Ōgimachi the 106th Emperor of Japan, according to the traditional order of succession. He reigned from October 27, 1557 to December 17, 1586, corresponding to the transition between the Warring States Era and the Azuchi-Momoyama period. His personal name was Michihito
Jun 29 Rembert Dodoens a Flemish physician and botanist, also known under his Latinized name Rembertus Dodonaeus.
Jul 10 Odet de Coligny a French cardinal of Châtillon, bishop of Beauvais, son of Gaspard I de Coligny and Louise de Montmorency, and brother of Gaspard and François, Seigneur d'Andelot.
Jul 16 Frances Grey Duchess of Suffolk the second child and eldest daughter of King Henry VIII's sister Mary and Charles Brandon, 1st Duke of Suffolk. She was the mother of Lady Jane Grey
Aug 20 Antoine Perrenot de Granvelle a Burgundian statesman, made a cardinal, who followed his father as a leading minister of the Spanish Habsburgs, and was one of the most influential European politicians during the time which immediately followed the appearance of Protestantism in Europe; "the dominating Imperial statesman of the whole century". He was also a notable art collector, the "greatest private collector of his time, the friend and patron of Titian and Leoni and many other artists"
Oct 18 Manuel da Nóbrega a Portuguese Jesuit priest and first Provincial of the Society of Jesus in colonial Brazil. Together with José de Anchieta, he was very influential in the early History of Brazil, and participated in the founding of several cities, such as Recife, Salvador, Rio de Janeiro and São Paulo, and many Jesuit Colleges and seminaries