1519 in history

1519 events chronologically

Mar 4 Hernán Cortés arrives in Mexico in search of the Aztec civilization and its wealth
Apr 22 Spanish conquistador Hernán Cortés establishes a settlement at Veracruz, Mexico
Jun 28 Charles V is elected Emperor of the Holy Roman Empire
Jul 10 Zhu Chenhao declares the Ming Dynasty emperor Zhengde a usurper, beginning the Prince of Ning rebellion, and leads his army north in an attempt to capture Nanjing
Aug 10 Ferdinand Magellan's five ships set sail from Seville to circumnavigate the globe. The Basque second in command Juan Sebastián Elcano will complete the expedition after Magellan's death in the Philippines
Aug 15 Panama City, Panama, is founded
Aug 20 Philosopher and general Wang Yangming defeats Zhu Chenhao, ending the Prince of Ning rebellion against the reign of the Ming Dynasty emperor Zhengde

Top 7 most famous people born in 1519

Feb 16 Gaspard II de Coligny a French nobleman and admiral, best remembered as a disciplined Huguenot leader in the French Wars of Religion.
Feb 17 Francis Duke of Guise a French soldier and politician.
Mar 31 Henry II of France a monarch of the House of Valois who ruled as King of France from 31 March 1547 until his death in 1559. The second son of Francis I, he became Dauphin of France upon the death of his elder brother Francis III, Duke of Brittany, in 1536
Apr 13 Catherine de' Medici an Italian noblewoman who was Queen of France from 1547 until 1559, as the wife of King Henry As the mother of three sons who became kings of France during her lifetime she had extensive, if at times varying, influence in the political life of France. For a time she ruled France as its regent
Jun 12 Cosimo I de' Medici Grand Duke of Tuscany the second Duke of Florence from 1537 until 1569, when he became the first Grand Duke of Tuscany.
Jun 24 Theodore Beza a French Protestant Christian theologian and scholar who played an important role in the Reformation. A member of the monarchomaque movement who opposed absolute monarchy, he was a disciple of John Calvin and lived most of his life in Switzerland
Jul 20 Pope Innocent IX Pope from 29 October to 30 December 1591. Prior to his short papacy, he had been a Canon Lawyer, diplomat, and chief administrator during the reign of Pope Gregory XIV

Top 7 most famous people died in 1519

Jan 12 Maximilian I Holy Roman Emperor King of the Romans from 1486 and Holy Roman Emperor from 1508 until his death, though he was never in fact crowned by the Pope, the journey to Rome always being too risky. He had ruled jointly with his father for the last ten years of his father's reign, from 1483. He expanded the influence of the House of Habsburg through war and his marriage in 1477 to Mary of Burgundy, the heiress to the Duchy of Burgundy, but he also lost the Austrian territories in today's Switzerland to the Swiss Confederacy
Mar 29 Francesco II Gonzaga Marquess of Mantua the ruler of the Italian city of Mantua from 1484 until his death.
May 2 Leonardo da Vinci an Italian polymath, painter, sculptor, architect, musician, mathematician, engineer, inventor, anatomist, geologist, cartographer, botanist, and writer. He is widely considered to be one of the greatest painters of all time and perhaps the most diversely talented person ever to have lived. His genius, perhaps more than that of any other figure, epitomized the Renaissance humanist ideal. Leonardo has often been described as the archetype of the Renaissance Man, a man of "unquenchable curiosity" and "feverishly inventive imagination". According to art historian Helen Gardner, the scope and depth of his interests were without precedent and "his mind and personality seem to us superhuman, the man himself mysterious and remote". Marco Rosci states that while there is much speculation about Leonardo, his vision of the world is essentially logical rather than mysterious, and that the empirical methods he employed were unusual for his time
May 4 Lorenzo de' Medici Duke of Urbino the ruler of Florence from 1513 to his death in 1519. He was also Duke of Urbino from 1516 to 1519. His illegitimate son, Alessandro de' Medici, became the first Duke of Florence
Jun 24 Lucrezia Borgia the daughter of Pope Alexander VI and Vannozza dei Cattanei. Her brothers included Cesare Borgia, Giovanni Borgia, and Gioffre Borgia
Aug 11 Johann Tetzel a Roman Catholic German Dominican friar and preacher. In addition, he was a Grand Inquisitor of Heresy to Poland, and later became the Grand Commissioner for indulgences in Germany. Tetzel was reputedly known for granting indulgences in exchange for money, which allow a remission of temporal punishment due to sin, the guilt of which has been forgiven, a position heavily challenged by Martin Luther
Sep 10 John Colet an English churchman and educational pioneer.