Died in 1520

Feb 5 Sten Sture the Younger a Swedish statesman and regent of Sweden, during the era of the Kalmar Union.
Mar 16 Martin Waldseemüller a German cartographer. He and Matthias Ringmann are credited with the first recorded usage of the word America, on the 1507 map Universalis Cosmographia in honour of the Florentine explorer Amerigo Vespucci
Mar 18 Fabrizio Colonna an Italian condottiero, a member of the powerful Colonna family. He was the son of Edoardo Colonna and Filippa Conti
Apr 6 Raphael an Italian painter and architect of the High Renaissance. His work is admired for its clarity of form, ease of composition, and visual achievement of the Neoplatonic ideal of human grandeur. Together with Michelangelo and Leonardo da Vinci, he forms the traditional trinity of great masters of that period
Apr 11 Agostino Chigi an Italian banker and patron of the Renaissance.
Jun 24 Hosokawa Sumimoto a samurai commander in the Muromachi period during the 16th century of Japan.
Jun 29 Moctezuma II the ninth tlatoani or ruler of Tenochtitlan, reigning from 1502 to 1520. The first contact between indigenous civilizations of Mesoamerica and Europeans took place during his reign, and he was killed during the initial stages of the Spanish conquest of Mexico, when Conquistador Hernán Cortés and his men fought to escape from the Aztec capital Tenochtitlan
Aug 6 Kunigunde of Austria an Austrian Archduchess member of the House of Habsburg and by marriage Duchess of Bavaria-Munich and since 1503 over all Bavaria.
Sep 22 Selim I the Sultan of the Ottoman Empire from 1512 to 1520. His reign is notable for the enormous expansion of the Empire, particularly his conquest between 1516 and 1517 of the entire Mamluk Sultanate of Egypt, which included all of Sham, Hejaz, Tihamah, and Egypt itself. With the heart of the Arab World now under their control, the Ottomans became the dominant power in the region and in the Islamic world. Upon conquering Egypt, Selim took the title of Caliph of Islam, although Ottoman rulers beginning with Fatih Sultan Mehmed had already begun to claim caliphal authority. He was also granted the title of "Khâdim ül Haramain ish Sharifain" by the Sharif of Mecca in 1517
Nov 15 Idris Bitlisi an Ottoman Kurdish religious scholar and administrator from Bitlis. There is some controversy about his actual place of birth possibly having been around Diyarbekir