1527 in history

1527 events chronologically

Jan 1 Croatian nobles elect Ferdinand I of Austria as King of Croatia in the Parliament on Cetin
Jan 5 Felix Manz, a leader of the Anabaptist congregation in Zurich, Switzerland, is executed by drowning
May 6 Spanish and German troops sack Rome; some consider this the end of the Renaissance. 147 Swiss Guards, including their commander, die fighting the forces of Charles V in order to allow Pope Clement VII to escape into Castel Sant'Angelo
May 16 The Florentines drive out the Medici for a second time and Florence re-establishes itself as a republic
Jun 22 Fatahillah chased away Portugal from Sunda Kelapa harbour, and peoples celebrated it as birthday of Jakarta, Indonesia
Jul 12 Lê Cung Hoàng ceded the throne to Mạc Đăng Dung, ending the Lê Dynasty and starting the Mạc Dynasty
Aug 3 The first known letter from North America is sent by John Rut while at St. John's, Newfoundland

Top 7 most famous people born in 1527

Mar 5 Ulrich Duke of Mecklenburg Duke of Mecklenburg from 1555-56 to 1603.
Apr 14 Abraham Ortelius a Flemish cartographer and geographer, generally recognized as the creator of the first modern atlas, the Theatrum Orbis Terrarum. He is also believed to be the first person to imagine that the continents were joined together before drifting to their present positions
May 21 Philip II of Spain King of Spain from 1556 and of Portugal from 1581. From 1554 he was King of Naples and Sicily as well as Duke of Milan. During his marriage to Queen Mary I , he was also King Consort of England and Ireland. From 1555, he was lord of the Seventeen Provinces of the Netherlands. Known in Spanish as "Philip the Prudent" , his empire included territories on every continent then known to Europeans, including his namesake the Philippine Islands. During his reign, Spain reached the height of its influence and power. This is sometimes called the Golden Age. The expression "The empire on which the sun never sets" was coined during Philip's time to reflect the extent of his possessions
Jul 13 John Dee a mathematician, astronomer, astrologer, occultist, imperialist and adviser to Queen Elizabeth He devoted much of his life to the study of alchemy, divination and Hermetic philosophy.
Jul 31 Maximilian II Holy Roman Emperor Holy Roman Emperor from 1564 until his death. He was crowned King of Bohemia in Prague on 14 May 1562 and elected King of Germany on 24 November 1562. On 16 July 1563 he was crowned King of Hungary and Croatia in Pressburg. On 25 July 1564 he succeeded his father Ferdinand I as ruler of the Holy Roman Empire
Oct 15 Maria Manuela Princess of Portugal the eldest daughter and second child of King John III of Portugal and his wife Catherine of Austria. She was Princess of Asturias as the first wife of the future Philip II of Spain, and Princess of Portugal as heir presumptive to the Portuguese throne between 1527 and 1535
Nov 18 Luca Cambiasi an Italian painter and draftsman, familiarly known as Lucchetto da Genova.

Top 7 most famous people died in 1527

Jan 5 Felix Manz a co-founder of the original Swiss Brethren Anabaptist congregation in Zürich, Switzerland, and the first martyr of the Radical Reformation.
Jan 21 Juan de Grijalva a Spanish conquistador. Some authors said he was from the same family as Diego Velázquez. He went to Hispaniola in 1508 and to Cuba in 1511
May 6 Charles III Duke of Bourbon a French military leader, the Count of Montpensier and Dauphin of Auvergne. He commanded the Imperial troops of Holy Roman Emperor Charles V in what became known as the Sack of Rome in 1527, where he was killed
Jun 21 Niccolò Machiavelli an Italian historian, politician, diplomat, philosopher, humanist, and writer based in Florence during the Renaissance. He was for many years an official in the Florentine Republic, with responsibilities in diplomatic and military affairs. He was a founder of modern political science, and more specifically political ethics. He also wrote comedies, carnival songs, and poetry. His personal correspondence is renowned in the Italian language. He was Secretary to the Second Chancery of the Republic of Florence from 1498 to 1512, when the Medici were out of power. He wrote his masterpiece, The Prince, after the Medici had recovered power and he no longer held a position of responsibility in Florence
Jul 26 Jovan Nenad a Serb military commander in the service of the Kingdom of Hungary who took advantage of a Hungarian military defeat at Mohács and subsequent struggle over the Hungarian throne to carve out his own state and styled himself emperor. He ruled for a short time over parts of a southern Pannonian Plain
Jul 28 Rodrigo de Bastidas a Spanish conquistador and explorer who mapped the northern coast of South America, discovered Panama, and founded the city of Santa Marta.
Oct 27 Johann Froben a famous printer and publisher in Basel. He passed his printing business on to his son Hieronymus, and grandson Ambrosius Frobenius