Born in 1527

Mar 2 Gonzalo de Sandoval a Spanish conquistador in New Spain and briefly co-governor of the colony while Hernán Cortés was away from the capital.
Mar 5 Ulrich Duke of Mecklenburg Duke of Mecklenburg from 1555-56 to 1603.
Mar 21 Hermann Finck a German composer.
Apr 14 Abraham Ortelius a Flemish cartographer and geographer, generally recognized as the creator of the first modern atlas, the Theatrum Orbis Terrarum. He is also believed to be the first person to imagine that the continents were joined together before drifting to their present positions
May 21 Philip II of Spain King of Spain from 1556 and of Portugal from 1581. From 1554 he was King of Naples and Sicily as well as Duke of Milan. During his marriage to Queen Mary I , he was also King Consort of England and Ireland. From 1555, he was lord of the Seventeen Provinces of the Netherlands. Known in Spanish as "Philip the Prudent" , his empire included territories on every continent then known to Europeans, including his namesake the Philippine Islands. During his reign, Spain reached the height of its influence and power. This is sometimes called the Golden Age. The expression "The empire on which the sun never sets" was coined during Philip's time to reflect the extent of his possessions
May 31 Agnes of Hesse a princess of Hesse by birth and by marriage Electress of Saxony.
Jun 11 Anna Sophia of Prussia a German noblewoman. She was a duchess in Prussia by birth and by marriage Duchess of Mecklenburg
Jul 8 Saitō Yoshitatsu a Japanese samurai during the Sengoku period.
Jul 13 John Dee a mathematician, astronomer, astrologer, occultist, imperialist and adviser to Queen Elizabeth He devoted much of his life to the study of alchemy, divination and Hermetic philosophy.
Jul 31 Maximilian II Holy Roman Emperor Holy Roman Emperor from 1564 until his death. He was crowned King of Bohemia in Prague on 14 May 1562 and elected King of Germany on 24 November 1562. On 16 July 1563 he was crowned King of Hungary and Croatia in Pressburg. On 25 July 1564 he succeeded his father Ferdinand I as ruler of the Holy Roman Empire
Aug 3 Scaramuccia Trivulzio a cardinal of the Catholic Church. He was Bishop of Como in Italy, from 1508 to 1518. He was then Bishop of Piacenza, from 1519 to 1525
Oct 15 Maria Manuela Princess of Portugal the eldest daughter and second child of King John III of Portugal and his wife Catherine of Austria. She was Princess of Asturias as the first wife of the future Philip II of Spain, and Princess of Portugal as heir presumptive to the Portuguese throne between 1527 and 1535
Oct 21 Louis I Cardinal of Guise the fourth son of Claude, Duke of Guise and Antoinette de Bourbon, and the younger brother of Charles of Guise, Cardinal of Lorraine, and Mary of Guise, queen consort of King James V of Scotland. He was the nephew of Cardinal Jean de Lorraine. He is sometimes known as the cardinal de Guise
Nov 18 Luca Cambiasi an Italian painter and draftsman, familiarly known as Lucchetto da Genova.