1534 in history

1534 events chronologically

Feb 3 Irish rebel Silken Thomas is executed by the order of Henry VIII in London, England
Apr 20 Jacques Cartier begins the voyage during which he discovers Canada and Labrador
May 10 Jacques Cartier visits Newfoundland
Jun 9 Jacques Cartier is the first European to discover the Saint Lawrence River
Jun 29 Jacques Cartier is the first European to reach Prince Edward Island
Jul 4 Christian III is elected King of Denmark and Norway in the town of Rye
Jul 7 European colonization of the Americas: first known exchange between Europeans and natives of the Gulf of St. Lawrence in New Brunswick

Top 7 most famous people born in 1534

Feb 5 Giovanni de' Bardi an Italian literary critic, writer, composer and soldier.
Mar 19 José de Anchieta a Spanish Jesuit missionary to the Portuguese colony of Brazil in the second half of the 16th century. A highly influential figure in Brazil's history in the first century after its European discovery, Anchieta was one of the founders of São Paulo in 1554 and of Rio de Janeiro in 1565. He is the first playwright, the first grammarian and the first poet born in the Canary Islands, and the father of Brazilian literature. Anchieta was also involved in the religious instruction and conversion to the Catholic faith of the Indian population. His efforts along with those of another Jesuit missionary, Manuel da Nóbrega, at Indian pacification were crucial to the establishment of stable colonial settlements in the colony
Jun 15 Henri I de Montmorency Marshal of France, and Constable of France, seigneur of Damville, served as governor of Languedoc from 1563 to 1614.
Jun 23 Oda Nobunaga a powerful samurai daimyo and warlord of Japan in the late 16th century who initiated the unification of Japan near the end of the Warring States period. He lived a life of continuous military conquest, eventually conquering a third of Japan before his death in a 1582 coup. His successors were Toyotomi Hideyoshi, a loyal Oda supporter who would become the first man to unify all of Japan and was thus the first ruler of the whole country since the Ōnin War, and later Tokugawa Ieyasu, who would consolidate his rule under a shogunate, which ruled Japan until the Meiji Restoration in 1868
Jul 1 Frederick II of Denmark King of Denmark and Norway and duke of Schleswig from 1559 until his death.
Oct 9 Guru Ram Das the fourth of the Ten Gurus of Sikhism and was given the title of Sikh Guru on 30 August 1574. He was Guru for seven years. Ram Das was born in Chuna Mandi Lahore, Punjab on 24 September 1534. His father was Hari Das and his mother Anup Devi. His wife was Bibi Bhani, the younger daughter of Guru Amar Das. They had three sons: Prithi Chand, Mahadev and Guru Arjan
Nov 2 Archduchess Eleanor of Austria the daughter of Ferdinand I, Holy Roman Emperor and Anna of Bohemia and Hungary.

Top 7 most famous people died in 1534

Mar 5 Antonio da Correggio the foremost painter of the Parma school of the Italian Renaissance, who was responsible for some of the most vigorous and sensuous works of the 16th century. In his use of dynamic composition, illusionistic perspective and dramatic foreshortening, Correggio prefigured the Rococo art of the 18th century
Mar 19 Ayşe Hafsa Sultan the first "Valide Sultan" of the Ottoman Empire, the daughter of Abd'ûl-Muin, wife of Selim I and mother of Suleiman the Magnificent. During the period between her son's enthronement in 1520 and her death in 1534, she was one of the most influential persons in the Empire, as her son's de facto co-regent during these fourteen years, coming second only to the sovereign, which is a point remarked also by the ambassadors of European powers at the Ottoman court
Jun 14 Chaitanya Mahaprabhu a Hindu monk and social reformer from 16th century India. A native of Navadvip in Bengal, he promoted the worship of God, in his tradition known by the name Krishna. He is venerated by followers of Gaudiya Vaishnavism
Aug 9 Thomas Cajetan an Italian philosopher, theologian, cardinal and the Master of the Order of Preachers 1508-18. He was a leading theologian of his day who is now best known as the spokesman for Catholic opposition to the teachings of Martin Luther and the Protestant Reformation while he was the Pope's Legate in Wittenberg, and perhaps also among Catholics for his extensive commentary on the Summa Theologica of Thomas Aquinas
Sep 25 Pope Clement VII Pope from 19 November 1523 to his death in 1534.
Oct 31 Alfonso I d'Este Duke of Ferrara Duke of Ferrara during the time of the War of the League of Cambrai.
Dec 23 Otto Brunfels a German theologian and botanist. Carl von Linné listed him among the "Fathers of Botany"