Died in 1534

Jan 9 Johannes Aventinus the pen name of Johann Georg Turmair or Thurmayr, a Bavarian Renaissance humanist historian and philologist. He authored the 1523 Annals of Bavaria, a valuable record of the early history of Germany
Jan 25 Magdalena of Saxony Margravine of Brandenburg, its "Electoral Princess", the Electoral equivalent of a crown princess.
Feb 15 Barbara Jagiellon a princess of Poland and a Duchess of Saxony.
Mar 1 Henry Brandon 1st Earl of Lincoln the youngest child and second son born to Charles Brandon, 1st Duke of Suffolk and Mary Tudor, Queen of France, who was a daughter of Henry VII of England. Thus Henry Brandon was nephew to Henry VIII of England. His older sisters were Lady Frances Brandon and Lady Eleanor Brandon
Mar 5 Antonio da Correggio the foremost painter of the Parma school of the Italian Renaissance, who was responsible for some of the most vigorous and sensuous works of the 16th century. In his use of dynamic composition, illusionistic perspective and dramatic foreshortening, Correggio prefigured the Rococo art of the 18th century
Mar 19 Ayşe Hafsa Sultan the first "Valide Sultan" of the Ottoman Empire, the daughter of Abd'ûl-Muin, wife of Selim I and mother of Suleiman the Magnificent. During the period between her son's enthronement in 1520 and her death in 1534, she was one of the most influential persons in the Empire, as her son's de facto co-regent during these fourteen years, coming second only to the sovereign, which is a point remarked also by the ambassadors of European powers at the Ottoman court
Mar 19 Michael Weiße a German theologian and hymn writer. First a Franciscan, he joined the Bohemian Brethren. He published the most extensive early Protestant hymnal in 1531, supplying most hymn texts and some tunes himself. One of his hymns was used in Johann Sebastian Bach's St John Passion
Apr 5 Jan Matthys a charismatic Anabaptist leader, regarded by his followers as a prophet.
Apr 20 Elizabeth Barton an English Catholic nun. She was executed as a result of her prophecies against the marriage of King Henry VIII of England to Anne Boleyn
May 2 Dirk Martens a printer and editor in Flanders. He went to Venice and worked with the humanist Gerardus de Lisa. In 1473, he returned to Aalst and together with Johan van Westfalen started a printing press. He printed a book on the two lovers of Enea Piccolomini who later became Pope Pius Between 1492 and 1529, he founded two new printing ateliers in Antwerp and Leuven. He edited several humanist works by Erasmus and Thomas More. He also edited the first letter by Christopher Columbus on the New World
Jun 14 Chaitanya Mahaprabhu a Hindu monk and social reformer from 16th century India. A native of Navadvip in Bengal, he promoted the worship of God, in his tradition known by the name Krishna. He is venerated by followers of Gaudiya Vaishnavism
Aug 9 Thomas Cajetan an Italian philosopher, theologian, cardinal and the Master of the Order of Preachers 1508-18. He was a leading theologian of his day who is now best known as the spokesman for Catholic opposition to the teachings of Martin Luther and the Protestant Reformation while he was the Pope's Legate in Wittenberg, and perhaps also among Catholics for his extensive commentary on the Summa Theologica of Thomas Aquinas
Aug 21 Philippe Villiers de L'Isle-Adam a prominent member of the Knights Hospitaller at Rhodes and later Malta. Having risen to the position of Prior of the Langue of Auvergne, he was elected 44th Grand Master of the Order in 1521
Sep 24 Michael Glinski a noble from the Grand Duchy of Lithuania of distant Tatar extraction who was also a tutor of his nephew, Ivan the Terrible. As a young man, Glinsky served in the court of Emperor Maximilian I and earned distinction for his military service. Around 1498 he returned to Lithuania and quickly rose in power and wealth, angering local nobles. Just after commanding the victorious Battle of Kletsk against the Crimean Khanate in August 1506, he was accused of conspiracy against the deceased Grand Duke Alexander Jagiellon and lost all his wealth. Glinsky began an armed rebellion against Sigismund I, the new Grand Duke. The rebellion was unsuccessful and Glinski retreated to the Grand Duchy of Moscow, where he served Vasili III of Russia. When the Muscovite–Lithuanian Wars renewed in 1512, Glinsky was instrumental in helping Moscow to capture Smolensk, a major trading center. However, he was not rewarded with the regency of the city. Angered, he planned to betray Vasili III, but the plot was discovered and he was imprisoned for 12 years. He was freed after his niece Elena Glinskaya married Vasili III in 1526. Before his death in 1533, Vasili appointed Elena and Glinski as protectors of his underage sons Ivan and Yuri. Elena disapproved Glinsky's influence in the state and had him sent to prison, where he soon died of starvation
Sep 25 Pope Clement VII Pope from 19 November 1523 to his death in 1534.
Oct 31 Alfonso I d'Este Duke of Ferrara Duke of Ferrara during the time of the War of the League of Cambrai.
Nov 23 Beatriz Galindo a Spanish physician and educator. She was a writer, humanist and a teacher of Queen Isabella of Castile and her children. She was one of the most educated women of her time. There is uncertainty about her date of birth; some authors believe it is 1464 or 1474. She was also known as "La Latina."
Dec 23 Otto Brunfels a German theologian and botanist. Carl von Linné listed him among the "Fathers of Botany"
Dec 27 Antonio da Sangallo the Elder an Italian Renaissance architect who specialized in the design of fortifications.