Born in 1535

Feb 11 Pope Gregory XIV Pope from 5 December 1590 to his death in 1591.
May 31 Alessandro Allori an Italian portrait painter of the late Mannerist Florentine school.
Jun 2 Pope Leo XI Pope from 1 to 27 April 1605.
Jun 21 Leonhard Rauwolf a German physician, botanist, and traveller. His main notability arises from a trip he made through the Levant and Mesopotamia in 1573-75. The motive of the trip was to search for herbal medicine supplies. Shortly after he returned, he published a set of new botanical descriptions with an herbarium. Later he published a general travel narrative about his visit
Jun 24 Joanna of Austria Princess of Portugal the mother of Sebastian of Portugal, and later regent of Spain for her brother, Philip II of Spain.
Jul 21 García Hurtado de Mendoza 5th Marquis of Cañete a Spanish soldier, governor of Chile, and later viceroy of Peru. He is often known simply as "Marquis of Cañete". Belonging to an influential family of Spanish noblemen Hurtado de Mendoza successfully fought the native Mapuche during his stay as Governor of Chile, and got the city of Mendoza named after him. In his later position as Viceroy of Peru he sponsored Álvaro de Mendaña de Neira expedition to the Salomon Islands and had the Marquesas Islands named after him
Jul 22 Catherine Stenbock Queen of Sweden between 1552 and 1560 as the third and last wife of King Gustav She was the daughter of Gustaf Olofsson Stenbock and Brita Eriksdotter Leijonhufvud, who was the sister of the King's previous consort, Margareta Leijonhufvud. She was the sister of Ebba Stenbock
Aug 21 Shimazu Yoshihiro the second son of Shimazu Takahisa and younger brother of Shimazu Yoshihisa. It had traditionally been believed that he became the seventeenth head of the Shimazu clan after Yoshihisa, but it is currently believed that he let Yoshihisa keep his position
Sep 6 Emanuel van Meteren a Flemish historian and Consul for "the Traders of the Low Countries" in London. He was born in Antwerp, the son of Sir Jacobus van Meteren, Dutch financier and publisher of early English versions of the Bible, and Orrilia Ortellius, of the famous Ortellius family of mapmakers, and nephew of the cartographer Abraham Ortelius
Sep 18 Henry Brandon 2nd Duke of Suffolk an English nobleman, the son of the 1st Duke of Suffolk, by his fourth wife, the suo jure 12th Baroness Willoughby de Eresby.
Oct 16 Niwa Nagahide a Japanese samurai of the Sengoku through Azuchi-Momoyama periods of the 16th century. He served as a retainer to the Oda clan, and was eventually a daimyo in his own right
Nov 9 Nanda Bayin king of Toungoo Dynasty of Burma from 1581 to 1599. He presided over the collapse of Toungoo Empire, the largest empire in the history of Southeast Asia