Born in 1536

Feb 2 Toyotomi Hideyoshi regarded as Japan's second "great unifier." He succeeded his former liege lord, Oda Nobunaga, and brought an end to the Sengoku period. The period of his rule is often called the Momoyama period, named after Hideyoshi's castle. After his death, his young son Hideyori was displaced by Tokugawa Ieyasu
Feb 2 Piotr Skarga a Polish Jesuit, preacher, hagiographer, polemicist, and leading figure of the Counter-Reformation in the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. Due to his oratorical gifts, he has been called "the Polish Bossuet"
Feb 6 Sassa Narimasa a Japanese samurai of the Sengoku through Azuchi-Momoyama period. Narimasa was born in what is now Nishi-ku, Nagoya , He became a retainer of Oda Nobunaga in 1550 and was granted Etchū Province as a reward for helping Shibata Katsuie fight the Uesugi clan. After Nobunaga's death, in 1584 he joined Tokugawa Ieyasu in unsuccessfully challenging Toyotomi Hideyoshi. He submitted to Hideyoshi and was spared his life. In 1587, he was given a fief in Higo Province in Kyushu. However, due to difficulties in suppressing a local revolt, he committed suicide by Hideyoshi's instruction in 1588. His daughter married kuge Takatsukasa Nobufusa and they had a son Nobuhisa
Feb 24 Pope Clement VIII Pope from 30 January 1592 to his death in 1605.
Mar 10 Thomas Howard 4th Duke of Norfolk an English nobleman.
Mar 31 Ashikaga Yoshiteru the 13th shogun of the Ashikaga shogunate who reigned from 1546 to 1565 during the late Muromachi period of Japan. He was the eldest son of the 12th shogun, Ashikaga Yoshiharu; and his mother was a daughter of Konoe Hisamichi. When he became shogun in 1546 at age 11, Yoshiteru's name was Yoshifushi ; but some years later in 1554, he changed his name to the one by which he is conventionally known today. His younger brother Ashikaga Yoshiaki would become the fifteenth shogun
Aug 10 Caspar Olevian a significant German Reformed theologian during the Protestant Reformation and along with Zacharius Ursinus was said to be co-author of the Heidelberg Catechism. That theory of authorship has been questioned by some modern scholarship
Oct 21 Joachim Ernest Prince of Anhalt a German prince of the House of Ascania, ruler of the principality of Anhalt-Zerbst from 1551, and from 1570 sole ruler of all the Anhalt lands.
Oct 28 Felix Plater a Swiss physician, professor in Basel, well known for his classification of psychiatric diseases, and was also the first to describe an intracranial tumour. He was born and died in Basel
Nov 11 Marcantonio Memmo the 91st Doge of Venice, reigning from July 24, 1612 until his death.
Dec 26 Yi I one of the two most prominent Korean Confucian scholars of the Joseon Dynasty, the other being his older contemporary, Yi Hwang. Yi I is often referred to by his pen name Yulgok. He is not only known as a scholar but also as a revered politician and reformer. He was academical successor of Jo Gwang-jo