Born in 1537

Jan 1 Jan Krzysztof Tarnowski Count Jan Krzysztof Tarnowski -Polish nobleman , Leliwa coat of arms. Son of Hetman Jan Tarnowski and Zofia née Szydłowiecka. He was married to Zofia Odrowąż since 1555, but had no issue. He was educated in the worldly affairs at the court of Ferdinand I, Holy Roman Emperor, at his father's great expense claimed Orzechowski. He was owner of Tarnów, Wiewiórka, Przeworsk, Rożnów and Stare Sioło. Secretary of King Sigismund II Augustus since 1554, held offices of castellan of Wojnicz, starost of Sandomierz, Stryj and Dolina. Poor health disallowed Jan Krzysztof to have a substantial career in the military, Niesiecki said: King was shoving a lesser military command to him during the Muscovy war , but his health weak due to consumption prevented him from achieving knightly deeds.' Died prematurely, most likely to the ravages of tuberculosis, and was buried next to his father, Piotr Skarga presided over his funeral at Tarnów. On his person ended the Tarnów line of the Tarnowski family clan. Poet Jan Kochanowski dedicated his poem Chess to him
Mar 4 Longqing Emperor the twelfth emperor of the Ming dynasty of China from 1567 to 1572. He was created Prince of Yu in 1539. His era name means "Great celebration"
Apr 12 Nabeshima Naoshige daimyo of Hizen from 1538 to 1618.
May 20 Hieronymus Fabricius a pioneering anatomist and surgeon known in medical science as "The Father of Embryology.".
May 27 Louis IV Landgrave of Hesse-Marburg the son of Landgrave Philip I of Hesse and his wife Christine of Saxony. After the death of his father in 1567, Hesse was divided among his sons and Louis received Hesse-Marburg including Marburg and Giessen
May 28 Ismail II the third Safavid Shah of Iran.
Jun 3 João Manuel Prince of Portugal a Portuguese infante , the eighth son of King John III of Portugal by his wife Catherine of Austria, daughter of Philip I of Castile and Joanna of Castile. As the heir to the throne he was styled Prince of Portugal
Jul 20 Arnaud d'Ossat a French diplomat and writer, and a Cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church, whose personal tact and diplomatic skill steered the perilous course of French diplomacy with the Papacy in the reign of Henry IV of France.
Aug 9 Francesco Barozzi an Italian mathematician, astronomer and humanist.
Oct 12 Edward VI of England King of England and Ireland from 28 January 1547 until his death. He was crowned on 20 February at the age of nine. The son of Henry VIII and Jane Seymour, Edward was the third monarch of the Tudor dynasty and England's first monarch raised as a Protestant. During Edward's reign, the realm was governed by a Regency Council because he never reached his majority. The Council was first led by his uncle Edward Seymour, 1st Duke of Somerset, , and then by John Dudley, 1st Earl of Warwick, from 1551 Duke of Northumberland
Nov 21 Fadrique Álvarez de Toledo 4th Duke of Alba a commander in the Spanish army during the Eighty Years' War.
Dec 5 Ashikaga Yoshiaki the 15th shogun of the Ashikaga shogunate in Japan who reigned from 1568 to 1573. His father, Ashikaga Yoshiharu was the twelfth shogun, and his brother, Ashikaga Yoshiteru was the thirteenth shogun
Dec 20 John III of Sweden King of Sweden from 1568 until his death. He was the son of King Gustav I of Sweden and his second wife Margaret Leijonhufvud. He was also, quite autonomously, the ruler of Finland, as Duke John from 1556 to 1563. In 1581 he assumed also the title Grand Prince of Finland