Died in 1537

Jan 6 Alessandro de' Medici Duke of Florence ruler of Florence from 1530 until 1537. Though illegitimate, he was the last member of the "senior" branch of the Medici to rule Florence and the first to be a hereditary duke
Jan 6 Baldassare Peruzzi an Italian architect and painter, born in a small town near Siena and died in Rome. He worked for many years with Bramante, Raphael, and later Sangallo during the erection of the new Peter's. He returned to his native Siena after the Sack of Rome where he was employed as architect to the Republic. For the Sienese he built new fortifications for the city and designed a remarkable dam on the Bruna River near Giuncarico. He seems to have moved back to Rome permanently by 1535
Jan 12 Lorenzo di Credi an Italian Renaissance painter and sculptor. He first influenced Leonardo da Vinci and then was greatly influenced by him
Feb 8 Gerolamo Emiliani an Italian humanitarian, founder of the Somaschi Fathers, and saint. He was canonized in 1767 and is the patron saint of orphans
Mar 25 Charles Duke of Vendôme a French prince du sang and military commander at the court of Francis I of France. He is notable as the paternal grandfather of King Henry IV of France
Jun 9 Louis II d'Orléans Duke of Longueville a French aristocrat and the first husband of Mary of Guise, who later became queen consort of Scotland. He was the second son of Louis I d'Orléans, duc de Longueville by his wife Jeanne of Hochberg, and succeeded his brother Claude when the latter died in 1524. He married Mary of Guise on 4 August 1534 at the Château du Louvre. During their brief marriage, the couple had two children: François, born 30 October 1535, who would later succeed to the dukedom, and Louis, a posthumous child born 4 August 1537, who died four months later. Louis died at Rouen on 9 June 1537, leaving Mary a widow; she would later marry James V of Scotland, but kept her last letter from Louis for the rest of her life
Jun 23 Pedro de Mendoza a Spanish conquistador, soldier and explorer, and the first adelantado of the Viceroyalty of the Río de la Plata.
Jun 30 Thomas Darcy 1st Baron Darcy de Darcy an English nobleman, the only son, and heir, of Sir William Darcy and his wife, Euphemia Langton, the daughter of Sir John Langton. Darcy was opposed to the Dissolution of the Monasteries and for his role in the Pilgrimage of Grace, was convicted of high treason for delivering up Pontefract Castle to the rebels. He was executed on Tower Hill 30 June 1537
Jul 7 Madeleine of Valois a French princess who became Queen of Scots as the first spouse of King James V.
Sep 4 Johann Dietenberger a German Catholic Scholastic theologian.
Sep 24 Jean Ruel a French physician and botanist noted for the 1536 publication in Paris of De Natura Stirpium, a Renaissance treatise on botany.
Sep 29 Jürgen Wullenwever burgomaster of Lübeck from 1533 to 1535, a period of religious, political and trade turmoil.
Oct 16 Françoise de Foix a mistress of Francis I of France.
Oct 24 Jane Seymour Queen of England from 1536 to 1537 as the third wife of King Henry VIII. She succeeded Anne Boleyn as queen consort following the latter's execution for high treason, incest and adultery in May 1536. She died of postnatal complications less than two weeks after the birth of her only child, a son who reigned as Edward She was the only one of Henry's wives to receive a queen's funeral, and his only consort to be buried beside him in George's Chapel, Windsor Castle. She was the only wife of Henry VIII whose son survived infancy
Dec 11 Andrey of Staritsa the youngest son of Ivan the Great by Sophia of Byzantium. Since 1519, his appanages included Volokolamsk and Staritsa