1538 in history

1538 events chronologically

Feb 24 Treaty of Nagyvárad between Ferdinand I and John Zápolya
May 26 Geneva expels John Calvin and his followers from the city. Calvin lives in exile in Strasbourg for the next three years
Jul 25 The city of Guayaquil is founded by the Spanish Conquistador Francisco de Orellana and given the name Muy Noble y Muy Leal Ciudad de Santiago de Guayaquil
Aug 6 Bogotá, Colombia, is founded by Gonzalo Jiménez de Quesada
Sep 28 Ottoman–Venetian War: The Ottoman Navy scores a decisive victory over a Holy League fleet in the Battle of Preveza
Oct 28 The first university in the New World (in present-day Dominican Republic), the Universidad Santo Tomás de Aquino, is established
Dec 17 Pope Paul III excommunicates Henry VIII of England

Top 7 most famous people born in 1538

Jan 15 Maeda Toshiie one of the leading generals of Oda Nobunaga following the Sengoku period of the 16th century extending to the Azuchi-Momoyama period. His father was Maeda Toshimasa. He was the fourth of seven brothers. His childhood name was "Inuchiyo". His preferred weapon was a yari and he was known as "Yari no Mataza" , Matazaemon being his common name. The highest rank from the court that he received is the Great Counselor Dainagon
Mar 25 Christopher Clavius a German Jesuit mathematician and astronomer who modified the proposal of the modern Gregorian calendar after the death of its primary author, Luigi Lilio. Clavius would later write defences and an explanation of the reformed calendar, including an emphatic acknowledgement of Lilio's work. In his last years he was probably the most respected astronomer in Europe and his textbooks were used for astronomical education for over fifty years in and even out of Europe
Apr 26 Gian Paolo Lomazzo an Italian painter, best remembered for his writings on art theory, belonging to the second generation that produced Mannerism in Italian art and architecture.
Aug 30 Caesar Baronius an Italian Cardinal and ecclesiastical historian. His best-known works are his Annales Ecclesiastici , which appear in twelve folio volumes
Oct 2 Charles Borromeo the cardinal archbishop of Milan from 1564 to 1584. Among the great reformers of the troubled sixteenth century, Borromeo, with Ignatius of Loyola, Philip Neri, and others, led the movement to combat the inroads of the Protestant Reformation. He was a leading figure during the Counter-Reformation and was responsible for significant reforms in the Catholic Church, including the founding of seminaries for the education of priests. He is honoured as a saint in the Catholic Church and his feast day is 4 November
Nov 16 Turibius of Mogrovejo a Spanish missionary Archbishop of Lima.
Dec 10 Giovanni Battista Guarini an Italian poet, dramatist, and diplomat.

Top 7 most famous people died in 1538

Jan 8 Beatrice of Portugal Duchess of Savoy Duchess of Savoy by marriage.
Feb 12 Albrecht Altdorfer a German painter, engraver and architect of the Renaissance working in Regensburg. Along with Lucas Cranach the Elder and Wolf Huber he is regarded to be the main representative of the so-called Danube School setting biblical and historical subjects against landscape backgrounds of expressive colours. As an artist also making small intricate engravings he is seen to belong to the Nuremberg Little Masters
Apr 3 Elizabeth Boleyn Countess of Wiltshire the older of the two daughters of Thomas Howard, 2nd Duke of Norfolk and his first wife Elizabeth Tilney. Through her marriage, she held the titles of Countess of Wiltshire, Countess of Ormond and Viscountess Rochford. She is noted for being the mother of Anne Boleyn, who became the second wife of King Henry VIII of England. As such, she was also the maternal grandmother of Elizabeth I of England
Apr 4 Elena Glinskaya the second wife of Grand Prince Vasili III and regent of Russia for 5 years.
Jul 8 Diego de Almagro a Spanish conquistador and a companion and later rival of Francisco Pizarro. He participated in the Spanish conquest of Peru and is credited as the first European discoverer of Chile
Sep 14 Henry III of Nassau-Breda a count of the House of Nassau.
Oct 20 Francesco Maria I della Rovere Duke of Urbino an Italian condottiero, who was Duke of Urbino from 1508 to 1516 and 1521 to 1538 when he retook the throne from Lorenzo II de' Medici.