1539 in history

1539 events chronologically

Jan 12 Treaty of Toledo signed by King Francis I of France and Holy Roman Emperor Charles V
Jan 14 Spain annexes Cuba
Apr 19 Charles V and Protestants signs Treaty of Frankfurt
Apr 27 Re-founding of the city of Bogotá, New Granada (now Colombia), by Nikolaus Federmann and Sebastián de Belalcázar
May 30 In Florida, Hernando de Soto lands at Tampa Bay with 600 soldiers with the goal of finding gold
Jun 3 Hernando de Soto claims Florida for Spain
Jun 10 Council of Trent: Paul III sends out letters to his bishops, delaying the Council due to war and the difficulty bishops had traveling to Venice

Top 7 most famous people born in 1539

Apr 5 George Frederick Margrave of Brandenburg-Ansbach Margrave of Ansbach and Bayreuth, as well as Regent of Prussia. He was the son of George, Margrave of Brandenburg-Ansbach and a member of the House of Hohenzollern. He married firstly, in 1559, Elisabeth of Brandenburg-Küstrin. He married secondly, in 1579, Sophie of Brunswick-Lüneburg , daughter of William of Brunswick-Lüneburg and Dorothea of Denmark
Apr 12 Garcilaso de la Vega (chronicler) a chronicler and writer from the Spanish Viceroyalty of Peru. The son of a Spanish conquistador and an Inca noblewoman, he is recognized primarily for his contributions to Inca history, culture, and society. His work was influential, well-received, and particularly notable for being the first literature by an author born in the Americas to enter the western canon
Apr 30 Archduchess Barbara of Austria born in Vienna to Ferdinand I, Holy Roman Emperor and Anna of Bohemia and Hungary. From 1547, in Innsbruck with her sisters Magdalena, Margareta, Helena and Johanna, she received a deeply religious upbringing
Jun 13 Jost Amman a Swiss artist, celebrated chiefly for his woodcuts, done mainly for book illustrations.
Sep 18 Louis Gonzaga Duke of Nevers an Italian-French dignitary and diplomat in France. He was the third child of Frederick II Gonzaga, Duke of Mantua, and Margaret Palaeologina
Nov 1 Pierre Pithou a French lawyer and scholar. He is also known as Petrus Pithoeus
Dec 5 Fausto Sozzini an Italian theologian and founder of the school of Christian thought known as Socinianism and the main theologian of Polish Brethren.

Top 7 most famous people died in 1539

Feb 13 Isabella d'Este Marchesa of Mantua and one of the leading women of the Italian Renaissance as a major cultural and political figure. She was a patron of the arts as well as a leader of fashion, whose innovative style of dressing was copied by women throughout Italy and at the French court. The poet Ariosto labeled her as the "liberal and magnanimous Isabella", while author Matteo Bandello described her as having been "supreme among women". Diplomat Niccolò da Correggio went even further by hailing her as "The First Lady of the world"
Mar 12 Thomas Boleyn 1st Earl of Wiltshire an English diplomat and politician in the Tudor era. He was born at the family home, Hever Castle, Kent, which had been purchased by his grandfather Geoffrey Boleyn, who was a wealthy mercer. He was buried at Peter's parish church in the village of Hever. His parents were Sir William Boleyn and Lady Margaret Butler. He was the father of Anne Boleyn, the second wife of Henry VIII of England. As such, he was the maternal grandfather of Queen Elizabeth I
May 1 Isabella of Portugal an Infanta of Portugal, by birth, and a Holy Roman Empress, Queen of Germany, Italy, Spain, Naples and Sicily, Duchess of Burgundy etc. as the spouse of Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor. She was the daughter of Manuel I of Portugal and Maria of Aragon. She served as regent of Spain during the absence of her spouse for long periods
May 7 Ottaviano Petrucci an Italian printer. His Harmonice Musices Odhecaton, a collection of chansons printed in 1501, is commonly misidentified as the first book of sheet music printed from movable type. Actually that distinction belongs to the Roman printer Ulrich Han's Missale Romanum of 1476. Nevertheless, Petrucci's later work was extraordinary for the complexity of his white mensural notation and the smallness of his font, and he did in fact print the first book of polyphony using movable type. He also published numerous works by the most highly regarded composers of the Renaissance, including Josquin des Prez and Antoine Brumel
Jul 5 Anthony Maria Zaccaria an early leader of the Counter Reformation. His feast day is celebrated on 5 July
Jul 19 Lorenzo Campeggio an Italian cardinal and politician. He was the last cardinal protector of England
Sep 22 Guru Nanak the founder of Sikhism and the first of the Sikh Gurus. His birth is celebrated world-wide on Kartik Puranmashi, the full-moon day which falls on different dates each year in the month of Katak, October–November